George Orwell 's Dystopian Novel Essays

George Orwell 's Dystopian Novel Essays

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1984, George Orwell’s dystopian novel written in 1949 details a society, in which nearly

all freedoms, including the freedom of thought have been taken away. The protagonist, Winston

Smith meets Julia, a woman who he forms an extramarital relationship with. Together they

believe they can take down “Big Brother”, a system implemented to control the populace, by

joining a group of Rebels led by a mysterious man known as Emmanuel Goldstein. The entire

plan falls through when O’Brien, the same man who “helped” Winston and Julia enter the

organization, turns out to be a member of the “Thought Police” and works to capture the two.

The novel ends, when after unknown days of physical and psychological torture, Winston is

brainwashed into loving Big Brother and is killed.

1984 takes place in the year 1984 in futuristic Oceania. At various points in the novel,

Oceania is either at war with Eurasia and allied to Eastasia or vice versa. Actual historical fact is

in constant fluctuation as records are modified to suit the needs of “Big Brother”. The majority

of the citizens make up the proletariat and actual have more freedoms than those of the upper

class inner and outer parties. The inner party lies at the top including members of the “thought

police” whose sole job is to imprison those who speak out against the party or Big Brother.

Winston is a member of the outer party who has had thoughts against Big Brother from the

beginning of the novel. Living a fairly unsatisfied life, Winston lives life in monotony, drinking

Gin to try to make himself feel better. After meeting his lover Julia, thoughts of rebellion against

Big Brother increase tenfold for him. This leads to an encounter with “fellow rebel” O’Br...


... middle of paper ...


...ial, it

contains real depth, and it holds a great deal of depth to American society nowadays more than

any other time. The issues of individual freedoms and torture are among some of the hottest

current issues in American society.

To conclude, 1984 is a necessary read for those who have complete utter faith in a system

of government or economic system, as well as those who believe that group values are more

important than those of the individual. These concepts in real life create a system usually with

only one individual being happy. George Orwell, aside from providing an excellent read for fans

of all literature, conveys important and timeless political messages. The most important moral

message Orwell conveys is the value the individual has in a group, and how the opinion of an

individual is as important if not more important than a whole group.

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