Essay on George Orwell 's 1984 And The Council

Essay on George Orwell 's 1984 And The Council

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People often dream of a perfect world, where nothing could ever go wrong. Some people attempt to create these utopias, and in doing so, create a society that can be described as anything but this. These societies are considered to be dystopian, places of total misery and wretchedness. Many authors of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries have created a society like this in their works. The Party in George Orwell’s 1984 and the Council in Ayn Rand’s Anthem are two dystopian societies that share similar traits. Both societies severely restrict the freedom of the individual, eliminate the feeling of family, and physically contain the people that society governs.
Dystopian societies often restrict the freedom of the individual to the point where that individual has severely limited liberties. This aspect of people’s lives is often limited by this type of government because it limits the ability for radical individuals to rise up and overthrow the regime. This helps the totalitarian government stay in power. It is also easier to control people with restricted freedoms for this reason. The restriction of freedom is present in Orwell’s 1984. The Party uses the Thought Police to catch people who do not adhere to the tenets of the Party or express individual thoughts. Such people are identified through the telescreens, which monitor people wherever they may be located, and are eventually captured by the Thought Police. Orwell states:
Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard.... But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever they wanted to. You had to ...


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...e’s thoughts, while in Anthem, the government eliminates the individual’s freedom of choice. Additionally, both societies eradicate familial feelings. In 1984, the government arranges marriages and makes having a baby a duty to the Party. In Anthem, mating is forced by the government, and everyone who meets the age requirements is forced to attempt to make a baby. Furthermore, both societies physically contain the people which they govern. In 1984, this is done by preventing the people from having any contact with other regions, even if that region is controlled by the same territory. In Anthem, the Uncharted Forest, a region in which people who enter perish, surrounds the City and prevents people from escaping the City. These two societies best fit the definition of a dystopian society: a society controlled by a totalitarian government where everything is unpleasant.

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