The start of the 21st century brought on new challenges and new obstacles that America was unfamiliar with at the time. A controversial decade was about to unravel with the presidency of George W. Bush. A decade filled with controversy, from the election of Bush and well off into the ending of his presidency. The presidency saw significant changes in which the role of the president was to wield power in times of peril. In this time, saw the role of congress diminish, while on contrary expanding the power of the executive. Following the events of September 11th, 2001, which change the setting of the presidency and congressional relationship.By means of manipulation, deceiving, bypassing congress, and using the crisis of September 11th to greatly expand the power of the executive branch, while diminishing the role of congress.
Although the threat of Al-Qaeda is prevalent even before the presidency of George Bush, according to Michael Nelson, Bushes relationship with Congress went in three phases. Phase one; General Success, Phase Two; Frustration, and Phase Three; Limited Success. Each of the phases described the current state of Congress during those critical years after the September 11th attacks, which I have reiterated before, was critical in the changing of the presidency. Phase one described some success in the early on. The majority of the House were Republicans and the Senate a Democratic majority. Bush was able to bypass the Senates filibusters on his proposals and worked with the speaker of the house to help push forward his legislative agenda. (I.E. Estate Tax) Phase Two & Three, were periods of time that transformed the presidency and the role of congress. Democrats gained control over the Senate and had...
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... To avoid any confrontation, he bypassed the majority senate and went to the house speaker, which the majority was Republican and used this to help pass his proposals. (Wroe, 2009) Bush took advantage of a country that was vulnerable and gullible in efforts to expand the role of the executive.
The presidency was greatly evolved by the September 11th and a plethora of events thereafter took place, which transformed the presidency in the 21 century. The executive took advantage of a nation struck by fear and anxiety to help expand its own power and agenda. While by the same token; taking advantage, manipulating, and bypassing congress to wield its power without limitations and oversights from Congress. Thus, leaving a legacy and precedent that the next president would undermine the role of Congress and act independently without congressional oversight.
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