Desk study and reconnaissance of site are conducted as the first step of geological investigation. Generally, all available maps and documents pertaining to a site have to be reviewed (Kehew, 1995). Subsequently, Jackson (1968) indicated that with all the information on the type of project to be executed, key geological and environment hazards at optional sites and possible site visits are identified. Using information from topographical and geological maps, aerial and terrestrial photographs and any previous nearby investigation reports, accessibility of the site and the nature of drainage into and from it is identified, indication about the subsoil stratification ...
... middle of paper ...
Pye, K. (2007). Geological and soil evidence: Forensic applications. London, UK: Taylor & Francis Group.
Raj, J. K. (1994). Geological investigation practice in Malaysia. Geological Society Malaysia Bulletin, 35(4), 38-42.
Robinson, A. H., Morrison, J. L., Muehrcke, P. C., Kimerling, A. J. & Guptill, S. C. (1995). Elements of cartography. New York, US: John Wiley.
Sadhi, F. (2012). Peat aquifer resources. Master Plan for Rural Water Supply, 3(2), 222-231.
Selby, M. J. (1993). Hillslope materials and processes. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Stump, E. (1991). Geological investigations in Northern Victoria land. Victoria, Australia: American Geophysical Union.
Tergazhi, K. & Peck, R. B. (1967). Soil mechanics in engineering practice (2nd ed.). New York, US: John Wiley.
West, T. R. 1995. Geology Applied to Engineering, New Jersey, US: Prentice Hall.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Geological investigation is the first step towards the completion of a building and is considered as the most important step as it identifies the feasibility of an area for construction and determines how the foundations and preventive measurements to be set up for the building. According to Sadhi (2012), one-third of the construction projects are delayed and half of over-tender cost on road projects are due to inadequate geological investigation or poor interpretation of the data. According to Ferrer Geological Consulting (n.d.), geological investigation is mandatory to ensure an adequate design of maximum safety concern and optimum economy benefit to be made and saving on the geological in... [tags: feasibility of an area for construction]
547 words (1.6 pages)
- Lasting Effects of the Islamic Revolution of 1979 A) Plan of the investigation What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the country of Iran and it’s international relations. This is a very broad question so it much be asked and answered for many different levels of society. Looked at this way this question is actually collection of questions. What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the wealthy within the country. What effect did it have on the poor. What affect did it have on the government.... [tags: Plan, Investigation, Summary, Evidence]
1584 words (4.5 pages)
- Ghost hunters have a definite passion for what they do. They go to haunted locations, in grueling weather conditions to try and capture evidence of the paranormal. Majority of the time, nothing is found. If ghost investigators work for hours on end, why haven’t spirits been conclusively proven yet. Since paranormal investigating is a controversial topic, many people have their own views on the matter and refuse to believe evidence that could be right in front of their eyes. The equipment used, the history of the location, views of the investigators, and even the effects of reality ghost shows all play key roles in how an investigator does their job.... [tags: Ghost Hunters, Hauntings, Paranormal]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- If you suspect that your company has been defrauded, then there are a number of steps and options that you can take: 1. Fraud detection and investigation The first important step is to determine if a fraud or any other criminal activity, has taken place. At this moment, you may know for certain or you may have suspicions that fraud has occurred. Sometimes the way people behave, can suggest that they are committing a fraud. These signs are called 'red flags '. • You 've noticed significant changes in somebody’s behavior; • They have financial losses or large personal debts, having the desire to gain; • Audit control find errors or irregularities; • Sometimes, the transactions take place at... [tags: Federal Bureau of Investigation]
707 words (2 pages)
- Forensic toxicology is one of the oldest disciplines in forensic science history and dates back hundreds of years. However, the actual understanding and examination of forensic toxicology only dates back for about 200 years. Due to the development of technology, this discipline has been able to progress and flourish. The term forensic toxicology is defined as examination of all aspects of toxicity that may have legal implications (James & Nordby, 2009 p. 61). In the past, poisoning was one of the most popular forms of murder.... [tags: investigations, cases, substances]
1530 words (4.4 pages)
- All my life growing up I’ve heard police stories from my grandfather and uncle about good guys catching bad guys. Police work isn’t always so black and white like I thought when I was a kid, Sometimes you have to work with the bad guys to catch the “badder” guys. The use of confidential informants is a valuable tool to many law enforcement agencies and more importantly for crimes associated with narcotics. Informants have the ability to gather information that would otherwise be unable to gather from law enforcement personnel.... [tags: investigation, informants]
614 words (1.8 pages)
- The Federal Bureau of Investigation, also know as the FBI is an interesting topic. The FBI is the “principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice”, also known as DOJ. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is responsible in collecting facts and giving or writing reports that one has either perceived, investigated or observed. As well as, assembling evidence in cases that involve Federal jurisdiction and assembling evidence. Not to mention, it bestows law enforcement leadership and reinforcement to international and state law enforcement agencies, which enforce the law.... [tags: Federal Bureau of Investigation]
717 words (2 pages)
- What are the main things to remember in the preliminary investigation of a suspected arson. What is Arson. Arson is defined as the persistent burning of a building or someone’s property in a mischievous way. The fire department is usually the ones who receive the fire call to begin with. Then the fire personnel make out the reports and then send them over to the state fire marshal. Followed by the insurance companies being present in the investigation, and with their work they are parallel to the fire and police workers.... [tags: investigation, fire, burning, evidence]
931 words (2.7 pages)
- Constructing a set of guidelines on managing the preliminary investigation for a criminal case is very important as it gives a baseline for officers to follow to help prevent errors in the investigation. According to Hess and Orthmann (2010), “The initial response is crucial to the success of an investigation. Although it is popularly believed that cases are won or lost in court, more cases actually are lost during the first hour of an investigation … than in court” (p. 14). After containing the incident, officers upon arrive will begin examining the scene by taking photographs, sketches or videos.... [tags: Prelimininary Inverstigations, Guidelines, Crime]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- Research Project Outline I. Crime Scene Investigation a.} Crime Scene Evidence b.} Police Evidence c.} Forensic science d.} Hazards Crime Scene Evidence II. Due Process-Search and Seizure: a.} Washington State Supreme Court a.a} Effects of Criminal investigations b.} Local Criminal Trials c.} Significance of the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments on Criminal Investigations d.} Probable Cause d.a} Discovery Doctrine d.b} Exclusionary Rule e.} Plain View Searches f.} Search Warrants *(ev∙i∙dence) 1.... [tags: Crime Scene Investigation]
2503 words (7.2 pages)