Critical realist approach to geography and science for that matter recognizes that physical and social entities have independent existence irrespective of human knowledge or understanding (Clark, Lissel & Davis, 2008; Holt-Jensen, 2009; Sayer, 2015). This critical realist worldview argues that phenomena in the real world that we study as researchers ar...
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... critical realism in acknowledging this existence seeks to caution us against search for the “truth” in our research as such “truth” is conditional rather than absolute (Sayer, 2015). Others have questioned the inadequacy practical methods of critical realism (Pratt, 1995). In contrast critical realism leans on a wide range of research methods depending on our research focus, type and what we hope to learn as social scientist or health researchers (Sayer, 1992, 2000). In conclusion, critical realism as a philosophical position health or geography or social science inquiry help bridge or reconcile the dualism – individuals and structures, nature and social – that have characterized our research (Hartshorne & Clark, 1962; Sayers 2015); and in so doing argues for multiple levels at which to conceptualize and abstract our phenomena of interest (Lawson & Staeheli, 1990).
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