Artz and Baumann (2011) quoted Jack Dangermond, who said the Geographic Approach was the key geospatial technology in GIS in finding answers to questions. Dangermond continued that this new approach integrated geographic information into how people understand and manage the environment. It enables them to create geographic knowledge by utilising scientific methods in data gathering and processing. Solving problems in not seen as a new concept but GIS is then used in Location-based analysis and decision making. The traditional scientific methods left a lot of data in storage and GIS has led to most of this data being processed into maps and other forms of visualisations.
Slingsby (2011) outlined how the Output Area Classification (OAC) has used GIS as a scientific discipline and a geographical tool in distilling and visually representing the 2001 census results. Openshaw and Openshaw (1997) pointed out that geographic data l...
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Parker D (editor) (1996) Innovations in GIS 3 Taylor and Francis London
Reeve D .E and Petch J.R (1999) GIS Organisations and People: A Socio-technical Approach Taylor and Francis London
Sharpe R (2010) Where is GIS? Kingston University Contemporary issues in GIS talk March 2010
Slingsby A (2011) OAC Explorer Kingston University Contemporary issues in GIS talk March 2011 http://lms.kingston.ac.uk/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2fwebapps%2fblackboard%2fexecute%2flauncher%3ftype%3dCourse%26id%3d_4619487_1%26url%3d
Teeuw R (2011) Remote sensing, mapping and disaster management Contemporary Issues in GIS pdf Kingston university http://lms.kingston.ac.uk/courses/1/GS3860-ALL_SEM2/content/_2792765_1/dir_Contemporary_Issues_in_GIS.zip/Contemporary_Issues_in_GIS/2011/presentations2011/Teeuw.pdf
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