Geographic Information Systems Essay

Geographic Information Systems Essay

Length: 1517 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

A revolution of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) occurred in the mid- 1980s and this was characterised by massive innovations in the way geographic data was collected, stored, manipulated and managed (Openshaw and Openshaw 1997). Since GIS is an enabling technology, Cromley and McIafferty (2002) stated that striving to reach a consensus definition of GIS would be extremely difficulty. Longley et al (2001) however pointed out that the strength and prowess of GIS as automated systems in the way they enable the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis and in the display of spatial data. GIS has thus developed tremendously because it covers many fields and disciplines and has etched its way into our day to day working and living arrangements. It is now a technology that we now use to solve real-world problems.
Artz and Baumann (2011) quoted Jack Dangermond, who said the Geographic Approach was the key geospatial technology in GIS in finding answers to questions. Dangermond continued that this new approach integrated geographic information into how people understand and manage the environment. It enables them to create geographic knowledge by utilising scientific methods in data gathering and processing. Solving problems in not seen as a new concept but GIS is then used in Location-based analysis and decision making. The traditional scientific methods left a lot of data in storage and GIS has led to most of this data being processed into maps and other forms of visualisations.
Slingsby (2011) outlined how the Output Area Classification (OAC) has used GIS as a scientific discipline and a geographical tool in distilling and visually representing the 2001 census results. Openshaw and Openshaw (1997) pointed out that geographic data l...


... middle of paper ...


...ial Intelligence in Geography John Wiley and sons Chichester
Parker D (editor) (1996) Innovations in GIS 3 Taylor and Francis London
Reeve D .E and Petch J.R (1999) GIS Organisations and People: A Socio-technical Approach Taylor and Francis London
Sharpe R (2010) Where is GIS? Kingston University Contemporary issues in GIS talk March 2010
Slingsby A (2011) OAC Explorer Kingston University Contemporary issues in GIS talk March 2011 http://lms.kingston.ac.uk/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2fwebapps%2fblackboard%2fexecute%2flauncher%3ftype%3dCourse%26id%3d_4619487_1%26url%3d
Teeuw R (2011) Remote sensing, mapping and disaster management Contemporary Issues in GIS pdf Kingston university http://lms.kingston.ac.uk/courses/1/GS3860-ALL_SEM2/content/_2792765_1/dir_Contemporary_Issues_in_GIS.zip/Contemporary_Issues_in_GIS/2011/presentations2011/Teeuw.pdf

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Using Geographic Information Systems ( Gis ) Essay

- In 2013,the country had fewer than one radiotherapy unit per a million population, there were 0.2 computed tomography unit per a million population and 10,9 mammography units per a million population. The access to primary health care facilities remains a great challenge particularly for the CSI with an estimated coverage of 71%. [12] While, the number of hospital beds available per 100 000 populations was 0.5. As of 2014, the country had 0.9 psychiatrists beds per 100 000 population.[17] Furthermore, in 2014, only 22.55% of integrated health centers (CSI), 3.03% of district hospitals (HD) and 16.67% of regional hospital centers (CHR) have qualified staff according to the Ministry of Health...   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Health economics]

Powerful Essays
739 words (2.1 pages)

Three Core Uses of Geographic Information Systems in Pakistan Essay

- Several studies and research papers have been made in order to find out the feasibility and applicability of Geographical Information Systems in the modern world. GIS and Crime Mapping by author Spencer Chainey and Jerry Ratcliffe is one such source. Crime Mapping is a major aspect of Geographical Information Systems that can be used in major cities with crime problems such as Karachi. The study goes over the operation, investigative and strategic applications of Crime Mapping and how it must be used in order to have a maximum impact of reducing crime....   [tags: crime mapping, hydrology, land management]

Powerful Essays
1827 words (5.2 pages)

Three Core Uses of Geographic Information Systems in Pakistan Essay

- This report attempts to define the role of Geographical Information Systems in the modern world and connects it with the problems being faced in Pakistan. GIS is a tool that captures, manages, analyzes and displays all forms of geographical data. This is a multi-billion dollar industry that has unfortunately not made its presence felt in Pakistan. The uses of GIS are a great opportunity cost to this country. This report will be focusing on three core uses of GIS that are possible in Pakistan: i. Crime Mapping This is used by analysts in law enforcement agencies across the world in order to visualize, and analyze crime incident patterns....   [tags: crime mapping, hydrology, land management]

Powerful Essays
1826 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on Mobile GIS Cloud Computing Survey

- I. INTRODUCTION GIS is a data intensive in nature and it is a mature technology. It has facilitated a large amount of geospatial and non-spatial data. The size of these data with time will grow to be large enough to restrict any single organization to maintain and handle such a massive data. Also GIS applications are severe consume of computational resources such as processing, memory and storage to perform manipulative operations on such huge data. These applications generally include data acquisition and preprocessing from multiple sources which is followed by exhaustive spatial analysis [1]....   [tags: geographic information systems]

Powerful Essays
522 words (1.5 pages)

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Real Estate Appraisal Essay

- The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Real Estate Appraisal Abstract Appraisers need to show the reasoning behind their value opinions by discussing important spatial relationships and their likely effect on value. Geographic information systems (GIS) can be used to analyze these relationships and to show why a client should select an appraiser who has this level of information. Gilbert Castle has noted that real estate is essentially a game of information arbitrage. The likely winner of the game is the person that takes advantage of computerized analyses....   [tags: Real Estate GIS Home Markets Essays]

Powerful Essays
5011 words (14.3 pages)

The Geographic Information System ( Gis ) Essay

- The Geographic Information System (GIS) is used in Saudi Arabia for several projects. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the biggest exporter or oil, gas and phosphates; therefore, using GIS is beneficial to them as they understand further information regarding drilling and extracting the two major natural resources. Another aspect in which the geographical information system is used is for projects such as water management. A problem they seem to be facing for years, they finally found a solution to it using the GIS system....   [tags: Geographic information system, Geography]

Powerful Essays
1067 words (3 pages)

Essay on Fice Of Information Technology

- Caddenhead GEOG 630-Midterm 3. You are the Director of the Office of Information Technology in a suburban county. You have been given permission to hire a new GIS Analyst. The county’s HR director is questioning your decision to add the phrase “Degree in Geography or related field preferred” to the job advertisement. Justify your decision. Why would a new Geographic Information Science/Systems Analyst need to have a degree in Geography or a related field. It would be simple to give an obvious answer like, “it’s in the name”, but the question deserves a little more complexity to the answer....   [tags: Geographic information system, Geography]

Powerful Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Geographic Information System Essay

- Geographic Information System or GIS provides the IT professionals the tools to create “smart maps,” maps that knew a circle represented a sampling point, a rectangle represented a building and a long curvy line represented a road (Hammond, 2006). “Mapifying” data sets identifies the uniqueness of each process involves in data trail. Therefore, a project manager should understand the collision of each process and each process evaluates its success. Understanding what comprises success for the database manager is also vital for the project manager....   [tags: Information Technology]

Powerful Essays
596 words (1.7 pages)

Policy issues - Geographic Information Essay examples

- Policy issues - Geographic Information Policy issues and availability of Geographic Information Geographical Information is a computer-based tool for mapping and analyzing things that exist and events that happen on earth. The major components of a GI are: a user interface; system/database management capabilities; database creation/data entry capacity; spatial data manipulation and analysis packages; and display/product generation functions. GIS technology integrates, via the Internet, common database operations such as query and statistical analysis with the unique visualization and geographic analysis benefits offered by maps....   [tags: science]

Free Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about Problem Solving Parents Are The True Roots Of My Pursuit

- Growing up in southern Oklahoma to very encouraging and problem solving parents are the true roots of my pursuit. I often found myself asking questions about how to solve various problems, both in and out of school. I was always encouraged to work as hard as I could every day, not for others, but to say I feel great about accomplishments received as of today. As a high school and college Cross-Country runner, I found it to be a clear example of the mental and physical challenges to overcome. Powering through doubts, extreme exhaustion, and physical pain to finish a race....   [tags: Geographic information system, Geography]

Powerful Essays
711 words (2 pages)