Essay about Genghis Khan and the Mongol Invasions

Essay about Genghis Khan and the Mongol Invasions

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“They came, they sapped, they burnt, they slew, they plundered and they departed.” This was an eyewitness account concerning the Mongolian conquests between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers quoted by the eleventh century Persian historian Ata-Malik Juvaini. It has often been a common misconception that the Mongols were all consumed by savagery and that they followed no morals or ethics. Although the Mongol Conquests brought much devastation, the great economic and social impacts that occurred after should not be disregarded. The Mongol Empire was the largest continuous land empire of all time. At the Empire’s height of power it encompassed an area five times the size of Alexander the Greats Greek Empire, extending from the Pacific Ocean to the Danube River. Astonishingly, most of the empire's accomplishments can be attributed to one man, born as Temujin but later became Chinggis or Genghis Khan. Under his leadership and military innovations, the Mongol Army was nearly unstoppable. In a short period of time, he managed to conquer northern China and then Persia, which created an Empire from the Yellow Sea to the Caspian Sea. Genghis Khan unfortunately died in 1227; however, the Mongol expansion did not end. Under Genghis Khan’s successors, the Mongol hordes rode into Eastern Europe, including areas in and around Russia, Hungary, and Poland. While the Mongolians brutality in their military campaigns was evident, the new information brought over by the Mongols had a far more profound effect on the countries of Eastern Europe. One of the Mongols first conquests in Eastern Europe were the Russian territories, and during their occupations the Mongols managed to connect Russia to its vast trade network and create positive ties with t...


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...n conquests in Hungary. Additionally, most of the first hand accounts in the book were later in history but the book was very important because it showed the religious importance of the Mongol presence in Hungary. The book had a slight bias against the Mongols because Louise Slavichek felt the Mongols were a bit too destructive in their campaigns.

Rossabi, Morris. The Mongols: A Very Short Introduction. London: Oxford University Press, 2012.

This book was very helpful because it contained first hand accounts about the Mongolian conquests in Poland. More importantly, the first hand account used in the final paper was used as a symbol to show that people thought the Mongols were a bad omen yet to come, but in the end the Mongols helped Poland. Lastly, there was a bias against the Mongols in this paper because they were referred to constantly as the terrible Tartars.

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