Essay on Genetically Modified Organisms Or Gmo

Essay on Genetically Modified Organisms Or Gmo

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The term is heard on TV and in conversation, but what is a Genetically Modified Organism or GMO. A GMO is an organism plant that’s genes have been changed in a controlled way in order to produce an organism with specific characteristics. GMOs are organisms whose genetic makeup has been modified using recombinant DNA (gene splicing), gene modification and transgenic technology. GMO’s creates plants, animal, bacterial and viral genes that are not created by nature or natural cross breeding.
Most of the buzz about GMOs come from the use of them in plants that are consumed by the general population. Scientists manipulate the plant genes, possibly by adding a pesticide gene in or a gene that makes the plant resistant to diseases. The most widely used GMO creates Roundup Ready crops, which are engineered to be resistant to glyphosate, which is the enzyme in Roundup that would normally kill the plant. To evade dead crop plants, Monsanto scientists found a form of an enzyme in bacteria that is naturally resistant to glyphosate and used it to manipulate crop plants to make them resistant. Now, when Roundup is sprayed on these specific GMO crops only the weeds will die. This the most common and well known use of GMOs in agriculture. Crops in the United States that are cleared to be sold with GMOs are: apples, tomatoes, potatoes, sugar beets, rapeseed/canola, corn, soy, and cotton. However, agricultural uses of GMOs go farther than plants to antibiotics and even animals such as goats. Genetically modified foods raise issues such as health effects, economics in other countries, and ethical problems.
There are many scientist that have been working diligently over the past few years to make GMOs that are full of health benefits such as extra vi...


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... animals. An example of this would be the swine flu. Animal viruses can be used in genetic engineering and that is why this can affect humans. The FDA has to make sure that developers meet the standards of the U.S. safety regulations and the Codex Alimentarius in order to ensure that none of the products are harmful. GMO’s are also affecting plants and animals through passing nutrients. Due to farmers using GMOs in their crops they are causing harm to bees, bats, butterflies and other species that collect pollen because they are unable to withhold the altered DNA that is added to the GMOs. The toxins that GMOs contain are also getting into the soil which is reducing the nutrients that help plants grow. GMOs are harming the lives of all animals making them weak and also harmful to humans due to the food products that are coming from animals and plants containing GMO’s

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