Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

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Nearly a third of food products that are used in European countries are "genetically modified organisms" (GMOs). In the United States this figure reaches 60%. What is meant by this term? A GMO is any living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through modern biotechnology. (Sanderson, 2007) Genetic engineering appeared in 1972 as a new direction in molecular biology. At that time American Professor of Stanford University Paul Berg obtained hybrid DNA molecules consisting of fragments of phage, bacterial and viral DNA. (Hillstrom, 2012, p. 63) In 1996 began the commercial use of genetically modified plants. Since that time, according to the research organization Worldwatch Institute, the acreage of transgenic crops in the United States increased (in the period 1996-2000) in 25 times and reached 44.2 million hectares. ("Worldwatch Institute", 2016) The crops of transgenic plants are in 13 countries, the largest fields of these products are the USA, Canada and Argentina. By the beginning of the third Millennium, the annual value of products manufactured in the United States on the basis of genetic engineering methods has reached more than 50 billion dollars.
The basic steps of creating GMOs:
• Receiving an isolated gene;
• Introduction of the gene into the vector for transfer into the body;
• The transfer vector with the gene in the modifying body;
• The transformation of the body cells;
• Selection of genetically modified organisms and the elimination of those that were successfully modified. (Jumba, 2010, p. 113-127)
Many scientists see genetic engineering as a mean of solving global food problems, especially in developing countries. Using the new biotechnologies, it is also possible to obtain c...

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...ity of the body to specific medicines. Every day appear new scientific evidence, confirming the facts of the negative impact of GMOs on laboratory animals, in which all processes in the body are much faster than in humans.
Perhaps genetically modified organisms do carry the harm by using combinations of genes, which have never been combined before, but it is also possible that GMO is another great discovery, which, like most sensational breakthroughs in science, will be unrecognized for many decades, until humanity would not become aware of its use and will not be able to leave without it. I strongly believe that until this problem is not thoroughly understood, every person has the right to choose or consume food that contains GMO or not, and the state is obliged to provide everyone the opportunity to be informed about the presence of GMOs in a particular product.

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