April 24, 2016
Genetically Modified Organism
Genetically Modified Organism A genetically modified organism, or GMO, is an organism that has had its DNA altered or modified in some way through genetic engineering. This relatively new science creates unstable combinations of plant, animal, bacteria and viral genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods. To make a genetically modified organism, three main components are required: the gene you want to transfer, the organism you want to put it into (target species), and a vector to carry the gene into the target species cells (What is GMO?). The significance of this topic is so people can need to understand the kinds of food they consume and understand the risk. There are clearly two very different viewpoints when it comes to the health and safety of genetically engineered food. The viewpoints are industry leaders and scientists who support GMOs and those who believe GMOs are harmful.
Industry leaders and scientists who support GMOs believes that there are known benefits to human health and the farming industry overall. Some of the benefits of GMOs is environmental benefits and better nutrition. Environmental requires less chemicals, time, machinery, and land are needed for GMO crops and animals, which can help reduce environmental pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and soil erosion. Enhanced productivity because of GMOs could allow farmers to dedicate less real estate to crops. With nutrition,
scientist found that By modifying some GMO foods in terms of mineral or vitamin content, companies can supply more necessary nutrients and help fight worldwide malnutrition (GMO Food Pros and Cons)...
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...ch viewpoint and believes that not all GMO foods are bad and not all GMO foods are good.
Ganzel, B. (2009). The GMO Age Begins. Retrieved April 28, 2016, from http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe70s/crops_10.html
History of Genetically Modified Foods. (n.d.). Retrieved April 28, 2016, from http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/workspace/sect008/s8g5/history.htm
Mandel, K. (2015). GMO Food Pros and Cons. Retrieved April 28, 2016, from http://www.newsmax.com/Health/Health-Wire/GMO-foods-positives-negatives/2015/06/10/id/649812/
What is GMO? (n.d.). Retrieved April 28, 2016, from http://www.nongmoproject.org/learn-more/what-is-gmo/
When did genetic modifying of foods start? | GMO Answers. (n.d.). Retrieved April 28, 2016, from https://gmoanswers.com/ask/when-did-genetic-modifying-foods-start
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