Genetically Modified Foods And Its Effects On The Health Of The Environment And The Consumers Of Gmos

Genetically Modified Foods And Its Effects On The Health Of The Environment And The Consumers Of Gmos

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Genetically modified foods (GMOs) are “foods derived from organisms whose genetic material (DNA) has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally” (“Food, Genetically Modified”). Ever since the sale of GMOs began decades ago, controversy as to whether the crops are safe for human consumption has grown rapidly. Individuals and organizations argue that GMOs are needed to feed the growing population of the world, while others believe they are completely unnecessary. Many areas around the globe have introduced labeling of GMOs because of their controversial hazards and effects on the health of the environment and the consumers of GMOs. Genetically modified foods have both support and opposition because of the controversy surrounding GMO crops’ medical, environmental, and economic effects.
Genetic engineering has been in existence for some time and has had multiple scientific advances. Many scientific advances of genetic engineering occurred during the 20th century. American biochemists Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer are considered the “true fathers of genetic engineering” because they were the first scientists to use restriction enzymes to produce a genetically modified organism, a bacteria (“Genetic Engineering”). Cohen and Boyer used type II enzymes to cut DNA into fragments, recombine the fragments in vitro, and then inserted the “foreign genes” into a common laboratory strain of bacteria (“Genetic Engineering”). Then, the foreign genes replicated within the bacteria’s genome. Eventually, in 1994, the first GMO food was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and was introduced to the American economy, and was called the ‘Flavr Savr’ tomato, which had a longer shelf life and slower ripening compared to conv...


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...er pest, disease, and pesticide resistance as well as increased yield and nutritional values. Some genetically engineered crops also have a longer ripening period with potential to contain vaccines for increased disease resistance of the consumer. GMOs can also negatively affect the health, environment, and economy of those who purchase genetically engineered products, including governments. Smaller, undeveloped countries whose agricultural traditions exclude genetically engineered crops can be threatened by the planting and growing of GMOs, effectively eliminating their ways of traditional agriculture. Experiments have proven negative health effects in laboratory rats who were fed a variety of strains of GMO corn. Genetically modified foods have both support and opposition because of the controversy surrounding GMO crops’ medical, environmental, and economic effects.

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