Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms whose DNA has been adjusted for the expression of improved trait...
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...y. Neither of the exaggerations can be defended, as they both diminish an LDC’s ability to comprehend GMOs. These NGOs are organized and are generally based in Western European nations (i.e. nations that do not need GMOs). NGOs have led many African nations to ratify the Cartagena Protocol, a resolution that applied the precautionary principle towards GMO usage, thus barring future scientific research.
The Cartagena Protocol was one of the first legally binding international agreements to control the movement of GMOs in agriculture. It was intended to address LDC concerns of becoming unwilling test subjects for new and possibly risky substances. Most of the countries that either grew or were sites of GMO research labs had not yet developed biosafety regulations, and therefore were vulnerable to persuasion from European governments and NGOs that were firmly anti-GMO.
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