Genetically And Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

Genetically And Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

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“All of our crops and livestock are GMOs [Genetically-Modified Organisms] in that their genetics have been manipulated and designed by man over the last 10,000 years or more” (Oliver 5). Mankind has, whether society realizes it or not, altered the genetic code in organisms for thousands of years, yet the controversy surrounding GMOs only recently came into play. GMOs, or Genetically-Modified Organisms, are organisms produced by altering the genetic sequence through techniques that may not occur in nature (5). GM plants, also known as transgenic plants, are produced in a two-step process. First, the genetic materially is successfully delivered into the plant cell, and is then followed by the regeneration of the modified plant cell (6). This practice can naturally occur through a process called hybridization, in which plants interbreed producing a hybrid plant that expresses different characteristics (Whitney et al 1). Two types of transgenic crops dominate farmland (Oliver 9). These two types are herbicide tolerant, which produces enzymes that are unaffected by chemicals and insect-resistant which expresses proteins that result in a natural insecticide (9). While the science community is and has been enthralled by genetic modifications for decades now, there are still valid oppositions. Some anti-GMO activists are convinced that the adverse effects will outweigh the benefits. Though the multifaceted arguments from both sides of the GMO debate are compelling, it is difficult to ignore the abundance of benefits reaped from the production of GMOs. Ranging from medical purposes to agricultural advancements, GMOs will continue to enhance people’s lives across the globe.
Even though it is difficult to pinpoint the first GMO product there...


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... care, specific growing conditions, and widespread land will not be enough to support the population. Take into consideration that millions of people already suffer from malnutrition each year. In the year 2012 an estimated 868 million people suffered from hunger, many of them in developing countries (Oliver 3). “Consider that the death toll from hunger and malnutrition, a curable condition, is greater than ‘for AIDS, malaria and TB combined’” (3). Transgenic organisms are the cure. Not only are transgenic fields yielding crops with higher nutritional values, but they also have a longer shelf life. In 1994 a tomato named the Flavr Savr was engineered to prolong the breakdown of the cell wall as the fruit ripened (Schneider, Schneider, and Richardson 1). This allowed the Flavr Savr to stay firm for longer periods of time and in turn could be shipped to distant cities.

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