A genetically modified organism is defined as an organism whose DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) has been modified in a way that would not occur in the natural world. This allows certain strains of crops to develop “favorable” genetics. For example, these changes may allow them to survive, possess nutritional qualities or have a higher crop yield. These organisms can in turn pose certain benefits; help contribute to the lowered cost of certain foods, provide a solution to end world hunger and enhance health with certain vitamins or minerals. “Specific foods can be developed to correct malnutrition… For example, “Golden Rice” has been genetically modified… to have increased beta-carotene content, which may help to overcome the severe vitamin A deficiencies” (Harris, 31). However, with the good qualities comes certain threats that occur. While many tend to favor the goods that appear with the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO’s), the practice of GMO’s creates potential alarm to not only human health but the earth. These threats include; lack of research, the formation of superbugs and resistant weeds, decrease in biodiversity, and pote...
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...ccording to McLure, researchers have documented pest that have developed resistance to insecticides. “Experts say Roundup and Bt have become so widespread that resistant mutations have developed faster than they normally in conventional crops…” (McLure, 724). Use of genetically modified crops not only creates resistant weeds but also superbugs. One example of a superbug is the rootworm. Rootworms cause damage to corns leaves and roots. Some farmers thus purchased genetically modified Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) corn seeds which became resistant to the rootworm. However, the rootworm became accustomed to the Bt (the herbicide found in the corn) and have now prompted companies to create different strains of modified seeds. The creation of strengthen pests is not the only concern that genetically modified organisms pose, but also the impact they produce on biodiversity.
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- Over the past couple of decades, genetically modified foods have gradually merged into the diets of the global population. An organism is genetically modified through the process of inserting genetic fragments of DNA from one organism to another. The term genetically modified is defined by the FDA as presenting new traits or characteristics in an organism that does not occur naturally (FDA, 2014). Modified crops are not only directly consumed by humans, but also indirectly as they are used as animal feed too.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
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