The Genetic Screening Controversy Essay example

The Genetic Screening Controversy Essay example

Length: 986 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the last few decades, there has been astonishing advances in the comprehension of how genes affect tasks of various cells throughout the human body. Genetic screening informs one about a predisposition or carrying of a disease (Konstantinopoulous PA, Karamouzis MV, Papavassiliou AG, 2009:63). Although knowledge from genetic screening is tremendously beneficial, it may also have detrimental effects on society. The information of one’s genes could cause genetic discrimination (McNamee MJ, Muller A, van Hilvoorde I, Holm S. 2009:39:339-344). Take for instance, if a talented athlete is tested positive for sickle cell trait, he is vulnerable to being given less play time by his coach. Above all, he faces the serious risk of death; for a number of athletes who carry the sickle cell trait have died as a result of harsh conditioning. Although genetic screening should be encouraged among athletes, as it may protect their health, it should not be required since it makes athletes susceptible to discrimination.
Sickle cell disease is a molecular disease where red blood cells obtain an abnormal “sickle” shape due to a substitution of valine for glutamic acid in the structure of the B chain hemoglobin molecule (Roseff SD, 2009: 67). Because of this deformed shape, the membranes of the red blood cells draw to each other and polymerize when in a poor-oxygen concentration environment (Roseff SD, 2009: 67). As a result, patients who inherit 2 abnormal hemoglobin genes from both parents suffer from occlusive disease, immune system alterations, anemia, ischemia, and many more detrimental diseases or symptoms (Roseff SD, 2009: 67-70). Despite how people who inherit one copy of the HgB S gene from one parent usually live a normal life, they are ...


... middle of paper ...


...ion among any athlete, these precautions could be taken amongst all the athletes.
NCAA should strongly recommend all of their athletes to take the test but it should not be mandatory through NCAA. To create a safe environment for student-athletes, athletes should all be educated about the potential disease and precautions that should be highly considered. A way to affirm that all athletes have knowledge about their blood cell health is to require a test outside the school, by perhaps their own physician. Documentation of test taken can be mandatory but results would still be confidential from the NCAA and coaches. If genetic screening were to become mandatory for job recruiting or insurance rate decisions, genetic discrimination would be devastatingly prevalent in our society. Maintaining one’s privacy and avoiding genetic discrimination is a fundamental right.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Genetic Engineering: The Controversy of Genetic Screening Essay

- The Controversy of Genetic Screening      Craig Ventor of Celera Genomics, Rockville, MD, and Francis Collins of the National Institutes of Health and Wellcome Trust, London, England, simultaneously presented the sequence of human DNA in June of 2000, accomplishing the first major endeavor of the Human Genome Project (HGP) (Ridley 2). As scientists link human characteristics to genes-segments of DNA found on one or more of the 23 human chromosomes-prospects for genetic engineering will increase dramatically....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]

Better Essays
1609 words (4.6 pages)

Genetic Testing and Screening Essay

- Many things are changing at an extremely rapid rate in our society. The new advances in the areas of science and biotechnology are raising many ethical and moral dilemmas for everyone. No one will be left unaffected. Everyone will have to make a decision and take a stand on these issues. I will discuss advancements of genetic screening and testing. The first step to any ethical problem is to understand the topic. It is difficult to formulate accurate ideas without knowledge about the topic, so first I will provide a little background information on genetic screening....   [tags: Genetic Screening Essays]

Better Essays
1882 words (5.4 pages)

Genetic Testing and Screening Essay

- Current research from the human genome project has identified numerous genes that are responsible for genetic disorders impacting society. This knowledge provides us with opportunities to test children and adults to predetermine genetic disorders/diseases and make educated decisions about options available. The U.S. Congress' Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) defines genetic testing as "the use of specific assays to determine the genetic status of individuals already suspected to be at high risk for a particular inherited condition." In contrast, genetic screening is defined as the systematic search of populations for persons with latent, early, or asymptomatic disease and is distinguis...   [tags: Genetic Screening Essays]

Free Essays
1565 words (4.5 pages)

Genetic Screening Essay examples

- Genetic Screening Genetic screening techniques are coming of age and the controversy that surrounds them is growing by the minute. The definition of genetic screenings is as follows: a systematic search for persons with a specific genotype. These tests that look into the essence of humanity, will allow scientist and physicians the opportunity and ability to alter the human genotype for better or worse. Genetic advancements will bring controversy at every milestone. Genetic Screening usually takes place when an individu al or group shows risk for a disease or trait....   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]

Better Essays
2630 words (7.5 pages)

Essay about Side Effect of Genetic Screening

- Genetic screening is the procedure of analyzing DNA specimen to detect the presence of a gene or genes related with an inherited disorder (Genetic screening 2011). In order to determine a person’s opportunity of developing a genetic disorder, the results of a genetic test can exclude a doubted genetic condition (What is genetic testing. 2011). It helps the infertility to have their next generation in future. Besides that, genetic screening has been carried out for partially common reasons as non-genetic screening for the health care of the ill and protection of diseases....   [tags: Biology, DNA]

Better Essays
1396 words (4 pages)

Lifelong Health Benefits of Mandatory Genetic Screenings Essay

- Since their development and introduction to the field of medicine more than a century ago, genetic screenings have become incorporated in many fields of healthcare, including reproductive health and cancer prevention. Genetic screening is a method of identifying genetic disorders through the study of an individual’s DNA. They can be used to determine predisposition for various disorders such as Alzheimer’s, breast cancer, and sickle cell anemia. Genetic screenings inform individuals about their state of health and can help them make efficient choices in regard to disease treatments and prevention; however they have not gone without controversy....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]

Better Essays
1481 words (4.2 pages)

Genetic Screening and Gene Therapy: Proceed with Caution Essay

- "Now we know, in large measure, our fate is in our genes." famous words that were stated by the co-founder of DNA's double helix structure, James Watson. In a large effect, in this day of modern science belief our fate is controlled by our genes. Our genes control our physical statue, our outward appearance, basically our entire bodily makeup is all determined by our genes. Mankind is at the edge of a new frontier in genetic medicine and gene therapy and how man advances into this field greatly dep ends on his ethics, morals, and the general acceptance of this new found knowledge....   [tags: Genes Science Biology Papers]

Better Essays
2191 words (6.3 pages)

Essay on Ethical Issues of Genetic Research

-     Scientific and technological advances are the products of man's inherent desire to improve the society in which he lives. Such progress often accompanies an expansion of intellectual boundaries. As one acquires knowledge, one also encounters new opportunities to be explored. This is true in the area of human genome research. The implications of The Human Genome Project and other attempts to further understand the human genetic code clearly demonstrate the basic principles of social benefit versus social cost....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]

Better Essays
1265 words (3.6 pages)

Genetic Engineering: Our Key to a Better World Essay

- What is genetic engineering one might ask and why is there so much moral controversy surrounding the topic. Genetic engineering as defined by Pete Moore, "is the name given to a wide variety of techniques that have one thing in common: they all allow the biologist to take a gene from one cell and insert it into another" (SS1). Such techniques included in genetic engineering (both "good" and "bad") are, genetic screening both during the fetal stage and later in life, gene therapy, sex selection in fetuses, and cloning....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]

Better Essays
1117 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Genetic Engineering and the End of the World As We Know It

- "It's The End Of The World As We Know It (And I Feel Fine)" --- From a Song by REM Having completed the Human Genome Project, scientists now seek to uncover the secrets of the human proteome (Begley 1). It is "guesstimated" that the proteome, meaning all the proteins, will involve up to 1000 times more data than the genome did. But this again brings us to the question: What will the scientific and medical communities do with all this information. deCode Genetics, partnered with Roche Holding of Basel, wants Iceland's genes to examine 25-35 common genetically linked diseases (Marshall 539)....   [tags: Genetic Manipulation Essays]

Better Essays
1406 words (4 pages)