Sickle cell disease is a molecular disease where red blood cells obtain an abnormal “sickle” shape due to a substitution of valine for glutamic acid in the structure of the B chain hemoglobin molecule (Roseff SD, 2009: 67). Because of this deformed shape, the membranes of the red blood cells draw to each other and polymerize when in a poor-oxygen concentration environment (Roseff SD, 2009: 67). As a result, patients who inherit 2 abnormal hemoglobin genes from both parents suffer from occlusive disease, immune system alterations, anemia, ischemia, and many more detrimental diseases or symptoms (Roseff SD, 2009: 67-70). Despite how people who inherit one copy of the HgB S gene from one parent usually live a normal life, they are ...
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...ion among any athlete, these precautions could be taken amongst all the athletes.
NCAA should strongly recommend all of their athletes to take the test but it should not be mandatory through NCAA. To create a safe environment for student-athletes, athletes should all be educated about the potential disease and precautions that should be highly considered. A way to affirm that all athletes have knowledge about their blood cell health is to require a test outside the school, by perhaps their own physician. Documentation of test taken can be mandatory but results would still be confidential from the NCAA and coaches. If genetic screening were to become mandatory for job recruiting or insurance rate decisions, genetic discrimination would be devastatingly prevalent in our society. Maintaining one’s privacy and avoiding genetic discrimination is a fundamental right.
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