It all began when scientists Francis Crick and James Watson published the first double-helix structure of DNA in 1953. This breakthrough made it possible for others to study the human genome and essentially map it. What scientists found out is that the human genome consists of about 25,000 genes, with a total of over three billion base pairs (Venter). Given that DNA has an enormous amount of base pairs, it has taken scientists decades to unravel the entire human genetic map and even though they now know the human “code,” it is still hard to determine what to do with that knowledge. Since this is a relatively new science, many breakthroughs are made every year, which are important for the human species as a whole. Genetic engineering has important medical applications that could potentially cure many kinds of deadly diseases, if not all, such as; cancer, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s. This sounds like something out of a movie, a utopia perhaps, where there are no terminally ill people. One type of application is gene-therapy, which is quite comple...
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...corn, cotton, and canola are the most popular genetically modified crops grown in the United States. “Approximately 68 percent of all soybeans and 26 percent of all corn is genetically engineered in the United States, according to…statistics from the U.S. Department of Agriculture” (Lilliston). This does not count the crops that are contaminated but is only counting the crops that are designed by genetic engineering (Lilliston).
Even with the negative side to genetic engineering; contaminating organic crops, the positive side outweighs the bad. With all the benefits of genetic modifications, one cannot help but wonder why it is under so much scrutiny from the public. The government has deemed it necessary to enact laws that combine not only the environmental effects of modified foods, but the economic and social impacts that the genetic modified products might have.
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