Essay on Genetic Engineering: Cloning: Dolly and Eugenics

Essay on Genetic Engineering: Cloning: Dolly and Eugenics

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Cloning is vital in American society because it will help us further our knowledge in genetics. Also cloning will make us realize how much scientists can actually accomplish knowing how to clone. Scientists were able to clone an animal in 1997. That accomplishment made all the scientist’s theories about cloning possible. It gave the scientists hope that one day they will maybe be able to clone a human because they were able to clone a mammal. Eugenics is also vital to American society. Eugenics is the practice of improving human’s genetic quality of the human population as a whole. Cloning plays a huge role in science. It’s all about genetics and DNA and what humans can do to further our knowledge with the human anatomy. Not all people agree with cloning and eugenics like some scientists do which causes a lot of controversy.
Spearmann thought of cloning as a way to study cell differentiation. Briggs and King used the technique of nuclear transfer on amphibians and it was successful (Campbell). “Subsequently John Gurdon demonstrated the potential to reprogram differentiated cells by producing adult Xenopus using epithelial cells from developing tadpole intestine as nuclear donors,” says Alberio Campbell. Unfortunately, later studies show that this method of cloning tadpoles didn’t allow them to develop to the adult stage of life (Campbell). “The use of enucleated metaphase II oocytes as recipient cytoplasts proved more successful and in 1986 resulted in the production of live lambs using blastomeres from 8 to 16-cell stage embryos as nuclear donors,” says Campbell. This success in sheep was also used on other mammals such as cattle and swine. There were limitations to the technology. First, the “frequency development was very low”...

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...caust." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Ricci, Mariella Lombardi. "Assisted Procreation And Its Relationship To Genetics And Eugenics." Human Reproduction & Genetic Ethics 15.1 (2009): 9-29. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2014.
Riddle, James A. "Brave New Beef: Animal Cloning And Its Impacts." Brown Journal Of World Affairs 14.1 (2007): 111-119. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
United States. The Departments of Administration, Cultural Resources and Health and Human Services. Executive Order 83. The Governor’s Task Force To Determine The Method Of Compensation For Victims Of North Carolina’s Eugenics Board. Dr. Laura Gerald, Aug. 2011. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.
Wade, Nicholas. "The Clone Named Dolly." The New York Times. The New York Times, 13 Oct. 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

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