Essay on Genetic Disorder : Down Syndrome

Essay on Genetic Disorder : Down Syndrome

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History:
Down Syndrome was discovered in 1866 by a British physician named John Langdon Down, which is where the name Down Syndrome came from. This genetic disorder was first referred to as Mongolism. The name Down Syndrome did not start being used until the early 1970s. In 1959, a French Pediatrician/Geneticist Professor Jerome Lejeune had discovered that people with this disorder have one extra chromosome. In the 1960s when children with Down Syndrome were born, they were put into institutions right after birth. Families were told that they would not be able to raise their child because of all of the extra attention they would need. Throughout the years, we have learned a lot more about this genetic disorder. ("National Association for Down Syndrome | History of NADS", 2016)
Symptoms:
When someone is diagnosed with Down Syndrome, they may experience a great deal of symptoms: flattened facial features, small head, short neck, protruding (sticking out) tongue, upward slanting eyes, unusually shaped or small ears, poor muscle tone, short hands with a single crease in the palm, relatively short fingers and small hands and feet, excessive flexibility, tiny white spots on colored part of eye called brushfield spots, and short height. ("Down syndrome Symptoms - Mayo Clinic", 2016)
Every person with Down Syndrome is different. Both developmental and intellectual problems can go from mild to moderate. Some individuals can be completely healthy, whereas others can suffer from serious health issues such as heart defects. Not every child with Down Syndrome has the same characteristics although some are more common than others such as a distinct facial appearance. ("Down syndrome Symptoms - Mayo Clinic", 2016)
Another symptom of this g...


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... Down Syndrome, there is nothing to make it go away completely. It is a genetic disorder that can affect many people but cannot be controlled due to the cause which is mistakes in cell division. Over the years, the life expectancy for Down Syndrome has gone up significantly. In 1929, people with Down Syndrome were only expected to live until the age of nine. Today, the life expectancy is up to the age of 50 or older. Since the life expectancy is higher, it gives these people many more opportunities such as getting married like a lot of them do. Another great opportunity people with this disorder get is finding a job. With the help of family, friends, and the community, people with a form of Down Syndrome can do a lot on their own. Many People with this disorder may be limited both physically and mentally, but they are still able to live very independently. (syndrome)

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Essay about Genetic Disorder : Down Syndrome

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