Creation stories abound in the ancient Near East literature, but the most prominent version coming from Mesopotamia is the Akkedian tale the Enuma Elish. Discovered in the latter 1800s, and dated around the “second millennium BC”, the Enuma Elish was remarkable for its likeness to the Genesis creation story. Both of these tales begin with a formless darkness. In the Enuma Elish account, “primordial” beings Apsu and Mummu-Tiamat exist ...
... middle of paper ...
.... Kindle Electronic Edition.
Enns, Peter. Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old
Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005. Kindle Electronic Edition.
Frymer-Kensky, Tikva S. "The Atrahasis Epic and Its Significance for Our
Understanding of Genesis 1-9." Biblical Archeologist 40, no. 4 (December 1977): 147-55.
Lawrence, Paul, and A. R. Millard. The IVP Atlas of Bible History. Downers Grove, IL:
IVP Academic, 2006.
Oswalt, John N. The Bible among the Myths: Unique Revelation or Just Ancient
Literature? Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009. Kindle Electronic Edition.
The Holy Bible: New Revised Standard Version. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1989.
Walton, John H. Ancient Israelite Literature in Its Cultural Context: A Survey of
Parallels Between Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1989.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The creation stories in Genesis, though they tackle similar themes, have different points of view and focuses as to the fundamentals of the creation process. The first story centers on the process by which God creates the universe as a whole. In essence, He imposes order upon chaos: “And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep” (Genesis 1:2, King James Version). From this raw state, He delineates different aspects of the cosmos from the night and day all the way down to man and woman.... [tags: Genesis Creation Myths]
1323 words (3.8 pages)
- Myths – as they are known to most of the world – give insight into the pasts of various countries and religions as the people saw them. They have been used to explain phenomenons in nature or describe the tales of courageous and important men and women throughout history. Creation myths in particular define how the Earth itself was created, along with the universe, heavens, hell, people, and creatures that exist today. Genesis of Christian mythology, for instance, tells the story of how the single deity God spoke and formed everything from day and night to man and woman.... [tags: Compare Contrast Comparing 2014]
2080 words (5.9 pages)
- Gilgamesh vs. Genesis In our society, which is overwhelmingly Judeo-Christian, students often find it difficult to compare Bible stories with tales from other cultures, because our own belief system is wrapped up in the prior, and it is hard for many of us to go against our traditional faith to evaluate them objectively. But in a comparison of the Biblical book of Genesis with the ancient Sumerian text, Epic of Gilgamesh, many parallels suggest that the same type of spiritual searching inspired the composition of both works.... [tags: Papers]
1437 words (4.1 pages)
- ... This is the story the Babylonians would have believed in when they heard Genesis. Genesis starts by saying “in beginning God created the heavens and the earth”. The Bible talks about God speaking things into existence. First God made the light, which He separated into day and night. Next, God created the sky and then the waters. “He called the dry ground ‘land’ and the waters ‘seas’”. This is when God says that “it was good”. God states that his creations are good, which is different from the creations of Enuma Elish.... [tags: Genesis, Hebrew, Bible]
1165 words (3.3 pages)
- Although, they are different in every region, cosmogenic myths have many universal elements that are seemingly essential to the genre. The archetypal creation or origin myth contains four ideas that create a foundation for subsequent cultural dogma: primeval chaos, dualism, creation through sacrifice, and conjecture. They can start out very simply, and grow more complex as they are affected by time. They may be distorted, as they are passed down by oral tradition. And then later, when they are written down the meaning may change.... [tags: Mythology ]
837 words (2.4 pages)
- The first chemical proof of beer production, found inside ceramics from Godin Tepe in the Zagros Mountains, showed that beer production occurred as early as 4, 000 BC . Later sources provide even more evidence of beer production in sources such as the Enuma Elish, or the Babylonian Epic of Creation, written between the fourteenth and twelfth century BC . Other texts and wall paintings depict the importance of beer in various Ancient Near Eastern cultures, yet scholars continue to ignore the importance of beer, and instead, incorrectly translating beer to mean wine or a strong drink1.... [tags: Religious Ceremonies, Cuneiform]
1474 words (4.2 pages)
- Myths and legends are everywhere. There are legends of people from long ago, myths of ancient Greeks. There are myths and legends of almost everything, including volcanoes. Myths of their creation, of why they erupt. Myths and legends of various gods controlling their own volcanoes. There is a story for almost every volcano. The amount of legends and myths concerning volcanoes is quite extensive, ranging from Hephaestus to Vulcan and everything in between. It's very interesting to know what people thought of volcanoes when the myths were made; myths about volcano are as captivating as other myths.... [tags: Myths]
991 words (2.8 pages)
- Four Functions of Myths in Genesis The sin stories in the Book of Genesis address theological, cosmic, social, and ethical questions. These sin stories, The Fall of Man, Cain and Abel, and Noah and the Flood, and The Tower of Babel show the functions of myths and demonstrate man's likeliness to sin. These myths let the readers learn of the culture, beliefs, and foundation of the time. A myth is a symbolic way of expressing truths and beliefs that are accepted by society. Myths, which are reading literature that is imaginative, teach truths that may not always have a basis for historical fact.... [tags: Papers]
1437 words (4.1 pages)
- From the Near East comes the Old Babylonian account of the life and death of GILGAMESH. There was a real Gilgamesh, a king who ruled some 2700 years before Christ lived and the Romans consolidated their vast empire. The character and the exploits of this king were preserved in the form of stories that circulated for many years after the king's death. Some of these tales -- more than 600 years after Gilgamesh's rule -- were collected by a story teller and were put down in the form of an epic poem.... [tags: Ancient World Culture]
395 words (1.1 pages)
- Ancient Near East Millions of years ago the procreant low lands in the river basins of Euphrates and Tigris was probably the home of some animal life, but no great civilizations. However, things change over time, and just a few thousand years ago the same fertile low lands in the river basins of Euphrates and Tigris became the home of a very rich and complex society. This first high society of man was located in what some still call "Mesopotamia". The word "Mesopotamia" is in origin a Greek name meaning "land between the rivers." The name is used for the area watered by the Euphrates and Tigris and its tributaries, roughly comprising modern Iraq and part of Syria.... [tags: World History]
1591 words (4.5 pages)