Country Name: Japan is the archipelago consisted of many islands bounded on the Sea of Okhotsk, Pacific Ocean, East Sea and Sea of Japan.  There are five main districts: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa. Each district has a main island surrounding by many smaller islands.  The capital in Japan is Tokyo.
General Population: As of early 2015, the population is 126,818,019  and the population growth declined by 0.08% from the previous year (126,999,808 from 2014)  due to extremely lower birth rate (fewer than 6000 in 2013).  For the deaf population in Japan, there is in between approximately 320,000 and 7.5 million of deaf people (2004).  The data is not based on all people who were born with full deaf. It also included people who have hearing loss occurred later in their life.
Location: Japan is located in the East Asia continent. 
Area: Japan’s total area of 145,914 sq. mi, which is slightly smaller than California (163, 696 sq. mi).  
Sign Language(s): There are two primary languages in the Japan Deaf Community, SimCom (Simultaneous Communication) and Japanese Sign Language (JSL). SimCom is for non-deaf people often translated Japanese grammar and structure into sign language that can be used for interpreting or broadcasting purposes.  JSL, on the other hand, is not standardized language since there are sign form variations from different island regions across Japan.  JSL also used visual movements and gestures (eyes, hands, arms etc.).  JSL heavily uses mouthing to help deaf people distinguish between signs.   JSL also uses the topic-comment pattern of sentence structure that is commonly found in spoken Japanese language and used fing...
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...e to learn JSL  and some universities also offered JSL courses for students who want to become English-Japanese interpreters. For example, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies  and Hokkaido University (Modern Japanese Studies Program or MJSP)  offered the interpreting program. Even Kiko, Princess of Akishino was taught in JSL and became the trained interpreter.  She used JSL in many informal events. She also knows the American Sign Language (ASL) and taught her daughters, Kako  and Mako  in JSL as well.
Access to interpreting Services:
The Ministry of Education recently declared the “Supporting Independence of People with Disabilities Act.”  The Act stated that all local governments are encouraged to increase the number of JSL interpreters.  Therefore, this Act allows deaf people to request an access to request interpreters easier.
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