This assignment aims to establish the foundation for the understanding of how history has played a role in defining and redefining the Russian society. By looking at the general history and the political systems of the past, this assignment will highlight events that influenced the emergence of these systems and the current government systems instated. This assignment will examine the way in which the Russian government operates and will therefore highlight the political ideologies of the country in order to provide a basis for educated recommendations to be formulated. The benefit of being aware of the above mentioned topic is that it allows for a better understanding of our world history thus broadening and expanding our worldview. By expanding our knowledge and understanding of the conquests and failures of our past, we in a global capacity, will be more equipped to deal with future challenges and thus not repeat the shortcomings of our forefathers.
2. The general and political history of Russia
Russia is a country defined by its rich political and cultural history. It dates back to the late 800’s where the first Russian state known as Kiev emerged in what is now modern day Ukraine (Simkin, 2013). Because of Kiev’s location on the Dnieper River, it flourished in foreign and commercial trade. In 988 Prince Vladimir who ruled absorbed ideas from the Byzantine Empire and thus converted to Orthodox Christianity (Trueman, 2013). This becomes somewhat of a turning point for Russia because of the influence that the byzantine culture has on their art and even architecture (Simkin, 2013). It was in 1200’s however that the Mongols from central Asia invaded Russia and conquered the massive European Empire (Simki...
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... aspects of governing Russia, such as passing federal laws, approving treaties and declaring wars (Darlington, 2014).
The main political party present in Russia is the United Russia and its main opposition party is the Communist Party of Russian Federation (Darlington, 2014). Russia is slowly working towards a democratic way of life, however, they are facing many challenges with regards to corruption and the reluctance of leaders to relinquish power as the transition from an autocratic society to a fair and democratic one has proven to be arduous (Darlington, 2014).
6. Political ideologies:
The political ideologies of a state refers to the set of political beliefs held by the majority of its people and the current political ideology of Russia can be referred to as “Putinism”, “managed democracy” or “sovereign democracy” (Darlington, 2014).
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