Gender Socialization and Women in Politics Essays

Gender Socialization and Women in Politics Essays

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In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared all acts of discrimination on the basis of sex unlawful. 31 years later, the Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted by the General Assembly. The CEDAW prompted an international document of the same name that advocates for the full incorporation of women in decision making capacities. It also “emphasis the civil rights, legal rights of women, reproductive roles and rights, impact of cultural factors on gender relations and barriers on advancement of women (World Bank, 2012). Moreover, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) outlined the most pervasive threats to global peace and security and set eight goals on how to eradicate them. These goals are referred to as Millennium Development Goals (MDG). 189 member states in 2000 vowed to “Promote gender equality and empower women” when they endorsed the UNDP’S MDG.
In 1963, thousands of women find voice and courage after reading Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique and the second wave hit. The description of educated housewives imprisoned by the monotony of domestic servitude hit home for many. A woman was quoted as saying “"The female doesn't really expect a lot from life. She's here as someone's keeper — her husband's or her children's"(Coontz, Stephanie). Friedan’s work was founded on liberal feminism, the theory that attributes gender differences and inequality to the practice of socialization. During the same year, the Equal Pay Act was passed and mandated that men and women should receive the same wages for the same job.
Before the Equal Pay Act, men and women were confined to vocational roles based on gendered norms. Women often stayed at home with the c...


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...me a Long Way, Baby? Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin, and Sexism in 2008 Campaign Coverage.” Communication Studies. 2009. 60(4): 326-343.

Carroll, Susan J. “Reflections on Gender and Hillary Clinton’s Presidential Campaign: The Good, the Bad, and the Misogynic.” Politics & Gender. 2009. 5(1): 1-20.
Lawless, Jennifer L. and Fox, Richard L. ”Men Rule: The Continued Under-Representation of Women in U.S. Politics. Women and Politics Institute. 2012 Washington, D.C.

Okimoto, Tyler G. and Brescoll, Victoria L. “The Price of Power: Power Seeking and Backlash Against Female Politicians.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2010. 36(7): 923-936.
Heflick, N. A., & Goldenberg, J. L. (2009). Objectifying Sarah Palin: Evidence that objectification causes women to be perceived as less competent and less fully human. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 598-601.

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Gender Socialization and Women in Politics Essays

- In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared all acts of discrimination on the basis of sex unlawful. 31 years later, the Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted by the General Assembly. The CEDAW prompted an international document of the same name that advocates for the full incorporation of women in decision making capacities. It also “emphasis the civil rights, legal rights of women, reproductive roles and rights, impact of cultural factors on gender relations and barriers on advancement of women (World Bank, 2012)....   [tags: equal pay act, discrimination]

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1881 words (5.4 pages)

Gender Socialization : The Media 's Portrayal Of Women Essay

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Gender As A Social Structure Essay example

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Media 's Impact On Gender Essay example

- When a baby is born and wrapped in a pink or blue blanket, they are continuously bombarded with socialization into their gender. Gender is not biological, but is socially constructed by a set of behavior patterns. Femininity and masculinity are culturally determined and are a matter of choice. As we grow up we learn what is expected our gender identity from parents, schools, media, peer pressure. These representations are so strong that we as a society tend to copy the models that we see in our everyday lives....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Man, Patriarchy]

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Psychological Theories On Binary Gender Identity Essay

- In this paper I will examine different psychological theories on binary gender identity and diverse gender identity. My intention is not to argue which set of theories is more accurate but more to provide information and let the reader decide for themselves in the light of their own experiences what theory makes the most sense to them. The psychologically charged debate over gender identity and its presence in society has taken the form of intuitions because of social necessity. On one side, diverse gender identity argues that traditional binary gender norms are no longer relevant nor an accurate reflection of the society that we live in today....   [tags: Gender, Gender identity, Third gender, Transgender]

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1387 words (4 pages)

Women 's Experience Unequal Treatment Essay

- Most of the women experience unequal treatment in different paths of the life. Few women acquire positions in public sphere particularly in politics. The development of women and men in the United States has been greatly impacted by the socialization (Schafer, 2010). According to Lee (1976), we have seen a dramatic increase in the number of women running for and elected in the politics since the general elections of 1974. But, American women don’t have equal opportunity to compete against men for elected public offices and positions of power in the governmental system....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Female, Woman]

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1139 words (3.3 pages)