Essay on Gender Selection in Human embryos

Essay on Gender Selection in Human embryos

Length: 2169 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

History of Gender Selection in Human Embryos
Over the course of human history, the gender of a newborn child has mostly been a welcomed surprise and an uncontrollable aspect of the lifecycle. Technology advancements have allowed parents to not only know the gender of their child before birth but to choose the child’s gender before being implanted in the womb. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) been available since the early 1990’s after Alan Handyside and his colleagues successfully identified and implanted female embryos for several couples at risk of X linked recessive diseases (Handyside, 1990). Every cell in the human body contains 46 packages of DNA known as chromosomes, which are divided into 23 pairs. One of these pairs contains sex chromosomes. Women have two X chromosomes while men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. The factor that determines a child's sex is which of the man's sperm reaches the female egg. About half of a man's sperm contain girl-producing X chromosomes, while the other half contain boy-producing Y chromosomes ;whichever kind of sperm reaches the egg first wins the gender battle. But the new methods, some of which remain in question within the medical community, try and control that coin toss (Onion, April 26). The three factors that we will explore are the: legal, moral and ethical perspective on gender selection. Do the consequences of actions always direct what is morally required? What should happen when two principles come into conflict? For example, should patient autonomy be considered more important than beneficence? Are moral and ethically rules always binding, or are they only guidelines to be assessed in each case? The final topic to explore is society’s acceptanc...

... middle of paper ...

attitudes. Fertil Steril, 85,6: 1638-­‐45.
Klitzman, R. (2008). Anticipating issues related to increasing preimplantation
genetic diagnosis use: a research agenda. Reprod Biomed Online, 17, suppl.
1: 33-­‐42.
LaFraniere, S. Chinese Bias for Baby Boys Creates a Gap of 32 Million. April 10, 2009.
Macer, R. J. Ethic and Prenatal Diagnosis. Journal in Genetic Disorders and the Fetus: Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment, eds. Milunsky, A. (John Hopkins University Press 1998) pp. 999-1024.
Onion, A. Gender Selection, More Possible, But Controversial. (April 26).
Singularity Hub. Designer Babies. Like it or not here they come.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sex Selection Is Any Practice Essay

- Abstract Sex selection is any practice, technique or intervention aimed towards increasing the probability of producing a child of one sex rather than the other. The desire of parents to choose the gender of their child has a long history in cultures dating back to Ancient Egyptians and Early Greeks. The earlier believed that women with certain facial complexion are more likely to give birth to boys, and the latter believed that the sperms in the right testicle are responsible for giving birth to males[1]....   [tags: Gender, Female, Male, Sex]

Powerful Essays
1544 words (4.4 pages)

Gender Selection Through Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion Essay

- In today’s day and age there are new forms of technology being developed to accomplish just about any task and make any sort of wish possible. With this being said many human beings throw caution to the wind and decide to take action on their every want and need. When it comes to the process of procreating and bringing a child into this world parents can find themselves hoping and wishing for one gender over another. In order to ensure that the gender they want is what they get parents can go through variations of processes in order to select the desired gender for their baby....   [tags: bioethical issues, religion, immoral]

Powerful Essays
1433 words (4.1 pages)

Should Gender Selection Be Legalized in Australia for Non-Medical Reasons?

- ... If gender selection becomes legal in Australia there will be many questions as to who will get access to the IVF process. Most families will turn to it as an opportunity to finally balance the amount of one gender they have in their family or even to get their family balance perfect (Wilkinson, 2014). Many people believe that gender selection is just human experimentation and should not be allowed as it is unfair on the unborn child being chosen by the parents when it should be loved whether it was a male or female....   [tags: in-vitro fertilization, genetic engineering]

Powerful Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)

Sex Selection and Pre-selection are Unethical Essay

- Sex Selection and Pre-selection are Unethical and Unwise It wasn't until 1975 that scientist Ronald J. Ericsson, Ph.D. began studies that eventually led to what we refer to today as sex selection and/ or pre- selection. He began his determination by studying whether or not enriched sperm would aid in the offspring of a desired gender. This process was first established in the 1970s in which scientists stained X and Y sperm in order to identify them. Thorough studies have been accumulated during the last three decades due to an increase in the perceived need for a "balanced family" and "planned pregnancy" in regards to the "chosen baby." Sex selection and/or pre-selection, despite one's pre...   [tags: Genetic Engineering Expository Essays]

Powerful Essays
1434 words (4.1 pages)

Embryo Selection And How Do The Hfea And Pgd Help? Essay

- What is embryo selection and how do the HFEA and PGD help. Will the quest for the perfect child be more powerful than the unconditional love. How does religion play a role in embryos selection. Is it fair to choose embryos that don’t have certain genetic disorders. Is it fair to select the color of the baby hair, eye or sex of the baby. Does an embryo deserve the moral status of persons. Most importantly where is the line drawn about what is acceptable about embryo selection. What is HFEA. HFEA is also known as Human Fertilization & Embryology Authority....   [tags: In vitro fertilisation]

Powerful Essays
1227 words (3.5 pages)

Essay Human Genetic Engineering : The Good, The Bad, And The Ethical

- Human Genetic Engineering: The Good, the Bad, and the Ethical For thousands of years, humans have been modifying plant and animal species through domestication and searching for ways to improve organisms. In 1973, Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer were the first scientists to transfer DNA from one organism to another, engendering the existence of the genetic engineering we know today. Further advancement of genetic editing technology expanded the realm of plausible subjects from single-celled organisms, plants, and animals to include humans, a topic of growing controversy throughout the last several decades....   [tags: Genetics, DNA, Cell, Human genome]

Powerful Essays
1130 words (3.2 pages)

Against Gender Selection Essay

- Sex selection is any practice, technique or intervention intended to increase the likelihood of the conception, gestation and birth of a child of one sex rather than the other (Gender Selection, n.d.). Sex selection is performed in a multiple of methods. These methods create a family balance, but also make the process of childbirth unnatural. There are many risks involved with selecting the gender of children and the effects the mother has to undergo as well as a family agreement, if the processes doesn’t go as planned....   [tags: Anti Gender Selection]

Powerful Essays
2227 words (6.4 pages)

Questions On Sex Selection And Gender Selection Essay

- Question 1: What is Savulescu’s conclusion. Question 2: What are Savulescu’s premises. Savulescu’s first premise- Sex Selection does not harm the child or the family. Savulescu’s second premise- Sex Selection impacts society in a beneficial way. Savulescu’s conclusion- Parents benefit from sex selection. Question 3: What are the reasons that Savulescu gives for believing each of his premises. One argument supporting premise 1 is built around Kant’s Dictum “never to use a person as a means, but to treat him or her as end”1....   [tags: Argument, Critical thinking, Sex ratio, Gender]

Powerful Essays
1546 words (4.4 pages)

Boy or Girl: Which Gender Baby Would You Pick? Essays

- Boy or Girl: Which Gender Baby Would You Pick. By Bjorn Carey LiveScience Staff Writer posted: 23 March 2005; 6:27am ET When given the opportunity to choose the sex of their baby, women are just as likely to choose pink socks as blue, a new study shows. "Sex selection is a topic that’s almost taboo for physicians to talk about," said Tarun Jain, a reproductive specialist at the University of Illinois, Chicago. "Yet, it’s important to understand patient interest in non-medical sex selection and adequately address the ethical and social implications before the cat is out of the bag....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
603 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Gender Selection

- There is an undeniable truth, in today’s world, that technology has changed our lives and traditional beliefs that most of people have had difficulty in getting used to that. One of the most questionable changes the technology has given rise to is recently gender selection. It’s been argued for so long whether it is ethical and its possible effects upon societies. Some say it is unethical on the grounds that we interfere with a God’s job that we don’t have a right upon it but with this saying, some important points of these issues are ignored such as reaching a goal which has been wished to come true or possible positive psychological impacts of this opportunity on a family....   [tags: ethics, children, technology, family]

Powerful Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)