In general, gender role is considered to be a set of attitudes, behaviors, and self-presentation methods ascribed to members of a certain biological sex. Gender role usually relates to norms for behavior, or ways to act, attitudes to hold, and ways to look. Sometimes, gender role also establishes a set of what members of a gender should not act, of attitudes should not be held, of ways should not be used to present oneself (“Psychology of Men”).
Biologically, hormones and chromosomes generally determine gender role. There are two types of hormones that are present everyone, which are regular hormones that share equally between genders, and sex hormones that contribute differently in quantitation in different gender members. Testosterone is one of the most essential sex hormones that define genders even before birth. As testosterone is released in the womb of the mother, it acts upon the hypothalamus to result in masculinization of the brain, which results in development of male sex organs at about 7 weeks. There are studies showing that testosterone correlates to the typical male behaviors develop later in life. Those behaviors include aggression, competitiveness, visio-partial abilities, and higher sexual drive due to the fact that testosterone causes the sexually dimorphic nucleus located in the hypothalamus at the base of the brain is a lot larger in male then female. An...
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... almost ignored or neglected due to the power of male. Hence, there are so many women movements have been taken throughout the world to ask for the right of control women’s lives. Women’s organizations should be set everywhere to protect the women’s right or reduce the violence that they have to suffer from male’s power (“Culture…”).
In conclusion, gender roles are defined by four important factors: biology, evolution, social, and culture. It is obvious that even though our society now is trying to maintain an equal sexual environment in many aspects, there are still stereotypes existing since the belief of gender differences has been established thousands of years throughout human being development. Female is believed to have less power and contribute less to the society in general while male are considered as the main sources to remain and stabilize the society.
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