Gender Roles And Gender Stereotypes Essay

Gender Roles And Gender Stereotypes Essay

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It is rumored that gender roles and gender stereotypes are historically driven constructs. People argue that gender has been well established so much so that it is almost innate. However, others argue that gender and gender roles are social constructs that are developed and driven by socialization. Many people believe that the four agents of socialization, family; peers; schools; media, support and pass gender roles and stereotypes on. Several researchers have been fascinated the construction of gender roles and stereotypes. Megan Fulcher, Erin Sutfin, and Charlotte Patterson (2008) conducted a study and wrote a research article looking into gender development as a result of parental sexual orientation, attitudes, and divisions of labor within their home environments. This study showcased examples of how an agent of socialization, family or parents, can attribute to the social construction of gender roles within children.
Another study by Megan Fulcher, Charlotte Patterson, Erin Sutfin, and Ryan Bowles (2008) looked further into attitudes about gender roles among heterosexual and/or homosexual parents, and how those attitudes help to establish a gendered environment. Then a study conducted by Abbie Goldberg, Julianna Smith, and Deborah Kashy (2012) looked into children of lesbian, gay, and straight parents, and gendered play. So, this study really examined what kinds of toys, games, and activities children, with parents of different sexual orientation, engaged in. Finally, a study by Desi Guerrero (2009) took a look at heterosexual fathers and hyper masculinity. Desi was looking into heterosexual fathers and how they conformed to myths surrounding them such as sexual aggression, little social support, and intimate partner violen...


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...arental gender-related attitudes, parental division of labor and individual differences in children’s gender development” (Fulcher, Sutfin, & Patterson, 2009, p. 330). Now, the studies that were conducted in order to highlight this purpose include a random sampling of lesbian and heterosexual families, the children were close in age (averaging about 5 years old), the parents were also close in age (averaging approximately 41 years old), and the data was collected on four constructs: Stereotype Knowledge and Flexibility; Preferences and Occupational Aspirations; Parental Attitudes; and Division of Labor. Now, the results of the study were recorded in three subdivides. These three divides include the results for the constructs pertaining to children, those pertaining to parents, and individual differences between children of heterosexual parents and homosexual parents.

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