Gender Representation in Special Education Essay example

Gender Representation in Special Education Essay example

Length: 1859 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
Since the early 1990s numerous studies have found an overrepresentation of males, and underrepresentation of females in special education, yet until recently, research was not done to understand the cause for this outcomes. There are 14 different disability categories that are defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), that states use in order to define a disability and decide who is eligible for a free and appropriate public education under special education law. High incidence disabilities are disabilities that are high in prevalence such as Behavior and Emotional Disorders (EBD) and Learning Disability, which fall within the categories from IDEA regulations. These are the disabilities in which researches have found the highest discrepancies between referral and admission of males and females to special education programs. According to Rice (2008), girls with emotional disturbance make up 15% to 25% of all identified children and adolescents with disabilities, while it has been found that males make up 73.4% and 76.4% for learning and emotional disabilities (Wehmeyer, 2001).
Researchers have done studies in order to find why there is a great difference between the identification of high incidence disabilities of males and females, finding three possible explanations. The first explanation is biological differences between males and females. The second reason is gender bias on referral and admission to special education services. The third explanation is difference in the exhibition of behavior problems between the two sexes. By further studying these possibilities, we can begin to find different approaches to identifying and referring students for special education services, specifically fo...


... middle of paper ...


...vioral disabilities." Education and treatment of children
31(4):549-565. Retrieved from on Apr 10, 2014

Sciutto, Mark J, Cara Nolfi, and Carla Bluhm. 2004 "Effects of child gender and symptom type
on referrals for adhd by elementary school teachers." Journal of emotional n behavioral
disorders and behavioral disorders 12(4):247-253. Retrieved from on Apr 10, 2014

Wehmeyer, Michael L. 2001 "Disproportionate representation of males in special education
services: biology, behavior, or bias?." Education & treatment of children (ETC) 24(1):28
. Retrieved from on Apr 10, 2014

Young, Ellie L, Hilda Sabbah, Benjamin Youn, Matthew Reiser, and Michael Richardson. 2010
"Gender differences and similarities in a screening process for emotional and behavioral
risks in secondary schools." Journal of emotional and behavioral disorders 18(4):225
235. Retrieved from on Apr 10, 2014

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

RTI and Disporportionality in Special Education Essay

- Disproportionality, in special education, is the overrepresentation or under-representation of a particular population or demographic group relative to their presence in the overall student population (Ralabate, & Klotz, 2007). There are many factors thought to contribute to disproportionality: cultural differences, lack of appropriate assessment strategies, socioeconomic status, race, and gender (Kanaitsa, 2010). Cultural differences pose several barriers for students and may impair their opportunity to learn....   [tags: Special Education ]

Term Papers
1055 words (3 pages)

Essay on Cultural Diversity And Special Education

- Cultural Diversity and Special Education Sandra Albert Wingate University EL 7095 Dr. Compton Abstract Cultural diversity is increasing in our schools and directly affects how we work with students with disabilities. There is also a disproportionate representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) students in special education (Chu, 2011). The following paper will explore cultural diversity and the special education referral process including implementation of Response to Intervention (RtI)....   [tags: Education, Culture, Special education, Sociology]

Term Papers
3000 words (8.6 pages)

Essay on Definition Of Masculinity Within Education

- 1. The general category of masculinity I want to examine is… I want to study masculinity within education, specifically focusing on public elementary education. Within this topic there are a few different areas I want to address; all culminate to the general consensus that the needs of students are generalized and students are suffering from assumptions based on biological, and other perceptual differences (as they relate to academic performance), as well as an environment that does not foster male education....   [tags: Education, Gender, Man, Student]

Term Papers
1200 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Women 's Representation Of Women

- Introduction “As of September 2016, 10 women are serving as Head of State and 9 are serving as Head of Government” (UN Women). When it comes to women’s representation in politics, the world still has a large amount of work to do. Although Europe’s representation of women in government is regarded highly when compared to other places around the world, there is a noticeable gap from country to country within the continent. For instance, Greece and Finland, two similar countries, have a significant difference in their gender representations....   [tags: Politics, Political party, Industrialisation]

Term Papers
1865 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Administrators and Special School Personnel

- Introduction Growing diversity in the United States has the public school system striving to set goals and practices to effectively deliver a multicultural program that shows the commitment of each school personnel to reflect the cultural diversity of its student body. When establishing these goals and standards, it is important to remember that a successful multicultural education program takes more than just dedication from classroom teachers. In fact, a responsive multicultural education program requires participation and dedication from a diverse group including administrators, general and special educators, media specialists, counselors, and specialists....   [tags: diversity, multi cultural programs]

Term Papers
1363 words (3.9 pages)

Representation of Women Pursuing Higher Levels of Education Essay

- Throughout this semester we have learned many approaches towards feminism and how science see’s women in science. Women have been misrepresented since the beginning of time and while our culture has changed, our view on women has not. This is what interested me in researching why Women are not pursuing SET (Science, engineering, technology) studies. While there has been many feminist articles on this discussion and all my research has also been written by women. While being in university I have concluded that sexism is apparent but is not really discussed outside in the real world....   [tags: feminism, science, apolitical, unbiased]

Term Papers
1285 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about How to Promote Gender and Empower Women

- The Citizen Report (2007) evaluated the progress towards MDGs and identified the key indicators, which require urgent policy attention in Rajasthan. The report based on secondary source produced by the State Government, websites, civil society assessments and academic literature. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger the state made a good effort. Overall, the number of population below poverty line in Rajasthan in 2004-05 as per Mixed Recall period (MRP) consumption was 17.5 percent. It was 14.3 percent for rural areas and 28.1 percent for urban areas....   [tags: differences, malcom x]

Term Papers
609 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Family Collaboration in Special Education

- From the first day a child is born, parents are there to nurture their child, to support them as they grow and develop. There is a lot to learn about raising a child under normal circumstances, but when a child has special needs parents must learn this whole new language of medical and special education terms (Overton, 2005). Parents enter this new world where navigating for the best interest of their child is riddled with challenges and obstacles that they need to somehow overcome. This is especially true when parents are dealing with the special education program in their child’s school....   [tags: Special Education]

Term Papers
1017 words (2.9 pages)

The Development Of Special Education Essay

- There are many events that have driven the gradual development of special education over time. These events have served as a framework to the understanding of the field and its constant changing nature. Knowledge of the history of special education is critical if we are to make additional progress. The idea of excluding students with disabilities can be traced back in history. The beliefs were that students with disabilities were best kept at the boundaries of society. The first noteworthy court case to have had an effect on special education was Brown vs....   [tags: Education, Special education]

Term Papers
731 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Special Needs For Special Education

- Children with special needs in the United States are being underprivileged at a massive rate. More schools across the country are lowering their special education funding as well as eliminating programs altogether. It is a problem that has to be changed now, or children with special needs may not be as educated as they could possibly be in the future. Special needs education needs to be more funded, more involved, and implemented in more schools and universities around the country. Special education is vital and necessary to children in this country because they deserve the same educational privileges and advantages of being educated in their country just as children without special needs do...   [tags: Education, Special education, Resource room]

Term Papers
896 words (2.6 pages)