Carey and Diamond (1977) conducted an experiment to illustrate that children below the age of ten remember photographs of faces presented upside down with equivalent accuracy as photos presented upright; however, they found that these children were easily deceived by simple disguises. They hypothesized that at the age of ten children develop the ability to encode faces despite photo orientation and/or superficial disguises. Carey and Diamond presented evidence to support their hypothesis but conducting two experiments.
Experiment one sought to determine whether the recognition of faces is determined by visual stimuli (ex. busy eyebrows, mole, etc.) or distinctive spatial relationship among facial features and if they developed at separate times. The participants consi...
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...ey pad. Brebner, Martin and Macrae concluded that when hair cues weren’t present participants had a slower reaction time in guessing the gender of the first name. However, when hair cues were present our automatic activation of gender perception was activated. During this experiment a crucial question emerged. Was it possible that the facial cues presented lead the participants to make wayward categorical judgments? This was answered in the second experiment.
The second experimental procedure was identical to the first with a few modifications. Each of the facial distracters was paired with intact hair cues. However, half of the faces were presented with gender matching hairstyle (i.e. males with short hair and females with long hair), while the other half were presented with non-gender matching hairstyles (i.e., males with long hair and females with short hair).
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