The gender pay gap is defined as the difference between median earnings of men and women relative to median earning of men. It can be measured in three different ways: by how much they earn an hour, by how much they earn in a week and by how much they earn on a yearly basis. The gender pay gap is a social issue since it affects women, who make up approximately 50% of our population. Women of minority groups are affected more strongly by the gender pay gap since they earn even less than Caucasian women. Those women can even earn ,on average, 0.50$ for every dollar a man would make.
Conflict theory holds that power lies at the core of all social relationships and is unequally divided and that the powerful maintain their control through the dominant ideology (Ravelli, et al. 30). The wage gap is relevant to this theory seeing as it is the competition between men and women over limited resources, in this case, money and holds the social order maintained by male domination, rather than a consensual agreement between the two parties involved. Conflict theory sees the gender pay gap in a negative light. They perceive this as a financial benefit that men have due to living in a male-dominated society. Through time, men have always been in power. Men of higher-power (e.g. CEOs, bosses) were the ones to establish annual income of their employees. Obviously, men would not give themselves a lesser salary than women, as that would be undermining themselves and women have always been subordinate to men in different parts of society (e.g. the household and the workplace). This is due to the belief that women are to be dependent on men for wages. This belief comes from the fact that women, a few centuries ago, used to be housewives and did no...
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... being discriminated against. I would use a participant observation. It would help figuring out if they are paid less or more, why they are since it is a qualitative method. It would help acquire truthful answers since it is easy to lie on a survey or even an interview. Working with both races on a daily basis would help see if they are both treated differently and if that difference in treatment would appear on their paycheck. What you need to be careful about in a participant observation is that the presence of the researcher may affect the people who are part of the survey. Moreover, the researcher needs to not get too attached to the people they are doing their subject since it could affect the result of the fieldwork research they are doing since it could bias their results. There might also be some extraneous variables that are affecting the experiment as well.
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