Gender Inequality Within Human Development Essay

Gender Inequality Within Human Development Essay

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Discrimination against women refers to situations when individuals are treated differently or perceived based on their gender. Women made up half of the human population, so this issue cannot be overlooked. Gender inequality is embedded in cultures and often exists in the workplace, home, health, education, and political representation. According to the United Nations development program in its 1997 Human development report, it was written, "No society treats its women as well as its men." United nations assume gender inequality as one main obstacle of human development and measured this inequality through United Nations Gender Index as part of human development report. The United Nations Gender Index helped identify gender gap in crucial areas of human development. Gender inequality is globally accepted as a human right violation and countries agreed to encourage and enforce women rights. Despite this agreement, as highlighted in various human development reports, countries fail to achieve gender equality.

The following are global gender equality statistics provided by AusAID, the department of foreign affairs and trade of Australia.

Women were disadvantaged in educational and economic sector. Women constituted two-thirds of the world 's illiterate adults and half of the children not attending primary schools were female. The right to be educated for females in many countries are still denied especially in primary and secondary level. Women participation in the workforce can be affected by family responsibilities such as child care and house chores. Gender imparity in employment is evident in Western Asia and Northern Africa where there are limited work opportunity for women. This gender gap in educational attainment and e...


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...ong laws, gender gaps still exist in work place participation and political representation. Female performance in educational institution might exceed male, nonetheless, once they enter the workforce they are less likely to be in higher level or executive roles in company. Moreover, Women graduates earn lower starting salaries than men. In 2013, women’s average weekly earnings were 17.5% lower than men’s

Organizations such as UN women are dedicated to raise awareness of gender inequality issues and supporting women who are disadvantaged. Organizations will attempt to educate the general public about how they are protected from sex discrimination and how to protect oneself from any form of discrimination. Most women’s organizations are small and have limited funding. In 2005, 729 women’s rights organizations worldwide had the collective income of only USD 79 million.

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