Gender Roles in the 1930s
Gender bias is very common in the corporate world. Throughout history, males have been dominant in the workforce, whereas women have been excluded. Currently, only 4.6 percent of the Fortune 500 CEOs are women. In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, women rarely even work outside of the house. In this novel, Harper Lee shows the differences between the roles of males and females, specifically the distinctions between occupations and social values in the 1930s.
Throughout the novel, many adults criticize Scout for acting and dressing like a boy. When Scout and Jem pass Mrs. Dubose’s house on the way to town, Mrs. Dubose shouts, “What are you doing in those overalls? You should be in a dress and camisole, young lady!” (102). Mrs. Dubose is publicly criticizing Scout because she is wearing “boy clothes”. Furthermore, Aunt Alexandra tells Scout not to wear pants because girls don’t do activities that require pants (82). This shows society’s views on what males and females should and should not do. Scout is the only female who even thinks about doing activities normally associated with boys or men. On the contrary, the other women don’t question society’s norms—instead they just follow along with what the men think. By saying this, Mrs. Dubose and Aunt Alexandra convey their perception of the ideal feminine roles: to take care of all of the housework and look after the members of the family.
When Aunt Alexandra is with the family in Maycomb, she gives Scout personal experience as a lady in the Maycomb Missionary Society. When the ladies are at Atticus’s house for the missionary circle, Aunt Alexandra says, “Stay with us Jean Louise” (229). She is trying as hard as she can to make Scout more lady-like. Aunt Al...
... middle of paper ...
...roles of most males in this type of society. He is never seen cooking or performing tasks considered to be a “woman’s role” at any point throughout the novel. Atticus appreciates everything Calpurnia has done for him, so even when Aunt Alexandra comes to stay with him, he keeps Calpurnia in his house (136).
Harper Lee wants the readers to consider how gender roles affect societal roles and how the lives of men and women are drastically different during the novel’s time period. Women now have many more opportunities than they did in the 1930s, yet it is still sad to see very few women working in the higher level positions in larger companies today. However, this is a great improvement when compared to a society where women rarely worked outside of the house. Hopefully, this gap between men and women will continue to shrink at a much more rapid rate in the near future.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Family Values and Gender Roles The increased interaction among people in the modern world has increased due to evolution of technology as well as other factors such as globalization. The interaction has not only impacted economic growth and development of nations but also their social status. The family values that existed traditionally have changed because of the interaction of different cultures in the society. Family structures today have also changed, affecting the roles that men and women play in the society (Alesina et al., 126).... [tags: Family, Culture, Sociology, Gender role]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- Introduction: In Urban Studies the two theoretical frameworks of positivism and standpoint ideologies hold slightly ontological and epistemological differences in the question of value free science. I will argue from a standpoint perspective that values do and should come into urban studies research because values allow us too empirically and rationally understand urban processes from the perspective of the liberation of gender and heterosexist oppression. First I will develop a working definition of positivist and standpoint frameworks.... [tags: Values Ethics Sociology]
2173 words (6.2 pages)
- The Effects of Cultural Values on the Family Over the last 10 decades, the culture in America has experienced a major shift in values and morals. The family has gone from a state of economic destitution during the Great Depression to a state of wealth and prosperity during the classic 50s. Major changes occurred in the family from Pre-World War II (WWII) to Post WWII. Women, including many mothers, started to work outside the home and many children were more inclined to move away from home sooner.... [tags: homemaker, working father, morals, values]
1877 words (5.4 pages)
- The English Oxford Dictionary describes identity as “The fact of being who or what a person or thing is”; your identity is defined by numerous characteristics a person holds, from their visual exterior to their internal traits and social standing. Social standing is a significant component of one’s identity, with society being split into several classifications to which people belong; those in the upper class hold the largest fortune within society, the middle class are the second wealthiest and the lower class is formed of those from the poorest and most disadvantaged backgrounds (BBC, 2013).... [tags: Social class, Sociology, Working class]
1287 words (3.7 pages)
- Through the title of the essay, “Night to His Day: The Social Construction of Gender”, it’s already possible to verify that the author, Judith Lorber, claims that gender was created by the society in order to separate the two sexes, and, in some ways, make them complementary or dependent on each other. She believes that gendering is ingrained in every culture, and is one of the main ways of stratifying a society, besides age. Although, unlike age, it does not rely on abilities, such as motor skill and cognitive development; it relies mainly on perpetrated gender roles that do not reflect the true strengths and weaknesses of each people.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Grammatical gender]
1297 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Participants were given two vignettes involving gender and male-female relations to find perceptions of changes that were happening in the community. As a reward, they would receive the amount of 200 pesos (about twenty dollars) to compensate their time and participation (Manago, 2009). The results of this study were that 80% of non-high school girls claimed that a woman’s place is in their home. However, about 75% of high school girls articulate the assumption that gender roles have to be equally and that man and women can work outside of home to earn more money.... [tags: Woman, Gender role, Gender, Role]
719 words (2.1 pages)
- Women have forever had this label on their back of being too small, too weak, too feminine, and too boring. The traditional gender roles of the female interfere with the extortionate nature of competing in sports. Men are usually the ones to go 100% and give whatever they got, and to show masculinity while doing it. The standard masculinity of being strong, smart, and taking charge over dues the feminine traits of being soft, gentle, and polite. That’s what society has taught us to learn and accept.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Masculinity, Woman]
1376 words (3.9 pages)
- In this section I will include relevant findings from additional peer-reviewed articles relating to the nature of gender and its affect on social work practice, further comparing and contrasting these articles’ findings with that of other research articles used earlier in the course. Relevant findings from additional article #1 In the article, “The Rise and Stall of Canada’s Gender Equity Revolution”, Neil Guppy and Nicole Luongo (2015) provide an in-depth look at the history the gender equity movement in Canada, starting with the late 1920’s when Canadian women were formally acknowledged as “persons” by the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, to the present day.... [tags: Sociology, Gender, Social work, Feminism]
1603 words (4.6 pages)
- Anytime job performance, a promotion or effectiveness comes forth in a job evaluation, the results are supposed to consist of job performance, not gender bias. The United States suffers from a major social issue relating to gender bias and the use of sexual discrimination. Sexual discrimination is any action that directly violates any state, federal or local laws. Discrimination based upon sex is illegal and is a form of prejudice. Although prejudice is legal, stereotyping an individual based upon their sex causes a person to feel less adequate and confident about their ability.... [tags: Gender Studies]
846 words (2.4 pages)
- Values are the basis upon which we make our decisions and form our opinions upon. They can often be “emotionally charged and, therefore, sometimes fiercely protected” as they are developed within a “specific historical and experiential context, and are, therefore, not always readily transferable.” (Chenoweth & McAuliffe, 2012) A person’s values guide the way they their lives are led and the way in which their decisions are made. (Sielearning.tafensw.edu.au, 2015) A value may be defined as something that we hold dear, those things/qualities which we consider to be of worth.... [tags: Sociology, Social work, Morality, Ethics]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- Analysis Of The Article ' Body Ritual Among The Veldt ' By Horace Miner
- Should The Minimum Wage Be Raised?
- How Sleep Affects Human Health And Increase The Risk Of Diseases
- The Systematic Annihilation Of The Jews During World War II
- Why Should We Be Read With A Pure Mind?
- Ethics : Acceptable Or Unacceptable Behavior