Gender identity is considered to be a spectrum of beliefs and emotions rather than the traditional sense of a dichotomy of male and female (Eagly, 2013). Identifying with a specific gender does not happen at birth. Children up to age four often do not identify with a specific gender. Toddlers do not identify themselves as a boy or girl at this stage of their lives; being a male or female does not matter to them at this stage of their lives. This indifference gives way to gender rigidity in early childhood (about ages 4–7), when both boys and girls strictly enforce gender rules (Kerr, & Multon, 2015).
Every Child is born a certain sex, then they have their gender and their gender identity. The Sex of a child is whether the child is born with male or female sex organs, this alones determines a child’s sex, whether they identity with it or not. The gender of the child is how the world views the child based on the child being a male or a female. This is how the world believes the child should act. Lastly, the gender identity is how the child identifies with a specific gender. Gender identity is how we feel and act and this may not be the same as the sex we were born with.
Children who cross the boundaries of what is considered gender appropriate may be at heightened risk for rejection, harassment, discrimination, and abuse (Pauletti, Cooper, & Perry, 2014). So what is gender appropriate? Feminine traits is considered gender appropriate for a girl. This includes; wearing dresses, being quite, enjoys playing with dolls, nurturing, emotional. These are the types of traits we expect to find in a girl, and we have grown to expect many of these traits. Masculine Traits is what is considered gender appropriate for a ma...
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...help prove that gender identity is not based solely on hormones, but also by the genes we have. This discovery could also explain why a male or female who associate themselves with the opposite sex feel the way they do even though their hormone levels are normal. Gender identity being in our genes can also help families and doctors decide what sex to keep on a baby born with ambiguous genitalia.
Gender identity has been a hot topic of the psychology world for years and still is today. There are many unanswered questions about gender identity and why some people identify with the opposite gender than the sex they were born with. Gender confusion is more accepted in this century than ever before, but there is still a lot to be learned and discovered. Maybe one day we will fully understand gender identity and where it comes from, whether it be from nature or nurture.
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