Although our nation is becoming increasingly more progressive, gender discrimination still exists for many women. The specific aim of this experiment is to measure the ability of women to complete a focus and attention task after having been questioned about stereotype threat, gender discrimination, disadvantage and privilege. Guided by previous research, this proposed experiment hypothesizes that there will be a significant difference in attention task scores for female participants in male dominated areas of study and attention task scores for female participants in female dominated areas of study.
History and Significance
Previous research has shown us that there are patterns of adverse psychological effects on women who pursue degrees in subjects that are historically dominated by men (Steele, James, & Barnett, 2002). Per the National Center for Education Statistics, those subjects include math, engineering, and hard sciences like chemistry and biology, while female-dominated subjects include liberal arts, communications, education, and social sciences like psychology and the humanities. These adverse effects are characterized by experiencing stereotype threat or anticipating gender discrimination from fellow students or future colleagues, disidentification from their major or career field, and total avoidance of discrimination and stress related to anticipation of discrimination by changing majors to pursue a career in a more female dominated field.
Stereotype threat is the “uncomfortable feeling that arises when people are at risk of confirming a negative stereotype in the eyes of others” (Steel et al., 2002). Individuals who experience stereotype threat worry that if they perform poorly it will be automat...
... middle of paper ...
...disciplinary) rated on the same 5-point scale. Upper classmen of male dominated majors, will be asked how strongly they considered changing their major to female-dominated major also rated on the same 5-point scale.
Participants will sign an informed consent form and told that the survey could take up to 15 or 20 minutes after which they are free to leave. Participants will be asked to indicate their age, class level, major, years in college, and how many semesters they have taken off from their college education if applicable. They will complete the 25 question survey and upon leaving they will first sign out to receive their extra credit points or their research volunteer credit, and lastly, if they are interested in receiving any additional information pertaining to the study, they are invited to leave their email address or other contact information.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- I. INTRODUCTION In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was enacted to do away with much of the conspicuous discrimination that was going on in the American workplace. Despite this, discrimination in the workplace continues albeit in a more covert manner, making it very hard to diagnose and prescribe a solution. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was enacted to remove any form of discrimination against any persons because of their race, religion, sex, or national origin. In 1967, it was made illegal for employers to discriminate because of age and in 1990, Congress said employers could not discriminate because of ones disability.... [tags: civil rights, racism, sexism, stereotype]
2664 words (7.6 pages)
- Recently, gender inequality is being emphasized as an acute and persistent problem. In the USA, this is predominantly due to that fact that women are demanding their rights at workplaces. Mostly, they try harder to be appropriate and successful in their careers rather than men. ‘Differential treatment within the labor market is what we refer to as labor market discrimination’ (Ehrenberg and Smith, 2012, p398). Gender discrimination against women in the market place reduces the available talent in workplaces and has negative consequences on the country.... [tags: gender inequality, rights, women]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Women account for more than half the world’s population, perpetuating the notion that gender equality is the center of human rights. In 1945 under influence of the United Nations Charter, world leaders adopted the fundamental principle of equal rights of men and women. It is the State’s obligation to protect and promote women 's human rights. Yet millions of women around the world are consistently exposed to unjust inequality and discrimination. While there are still laws and policies that prohibit women from equal access to land, property, and housing; economic and social discrimination will continue to result in fewer and poorer life opportunities for women, rendering them vulnera... [tags: Discrimination, Gender, Human rights, Sexism]
1716 words (4.9 pages)
- In the United States, discrimination is the main complication, which is required to solve. Discrimination is the refusal of opportunities and rights to a particular group or a person. This prejudicial behavior is generally based on the race, gender, and ethnicity. Discrimination phenomenon creates a barrier, which resist the progress and opportunities of the minority group and women. This barrier is called Glass Ceiling. Women are included in these groups where glass ceiling barrier prevent women getting the higher position.... [tags: Gender role, Gender, Discrimination]
1112 words (3.2 pages)
- Contrary to popular belief, gender discrimination still leaves an indelible mark on the lives of many to this day. Throughout history, many have faced discrimination due to their affiliation with a group that is seen as lesser in the eyes of the majority. One of the most rudimentary classifications such as sex, a mere coincidence of the ultimate race, can be the determinant of someone’s fate in regards to lifelong prosperity regardless of their talents or skills. Discrimination is deeply rooted in a society that is reluctant to acknowledge the issue.... [tags: Gender, Discrimination, Gender role, Nursing]
1596 words (4.6 pages)
- Gender Discrimination in India Sarmila Neupane Chamberlain College of Nursing Gender Discrimination in India Annu Devi, 22 years old female got married and gave birth to a beautiful daughter. In 2014, on January 30, after 3 years of her marriage, she and her 1-year-old daughter burned alive and killed by her husband and his family. Investigation suspected the reason of that event is related to dowry. According to Devi’s parents, Devi was abused by her husband and his family for more money and other things.... [tags: Gender, Discrimination, Feminism, India]
2152 words (6.1 pages)
- What is discrimination. Discrimination could be best described as the practice of unfairly treating a person or group of people differently from other people or groups of people (merriam webster). It is the ability to recognize the differences between two people, rather if it is based upon groups of a different age, gender, race, religion or even background. Discrimination is still relevant in today’s society. There are still noticeable gaps between wealth, status, and power. Two of the most common types of discrimination found in the world today are race and gender.... [tags: Discrimination, Gender, Sexism, Racism]
1139 words (3.3 pages)
- Women in America had not been working until the start of World War II. Since then, policies have been established to help to counter the discrimination against women in the workforce. Policies like Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1964 and Equal Pay act of 1963 had been implemented in order for women to be seen as equals in the labor workforce. However, many believe that women are actually paid less compared to men leading to a growing debate on whether a gender wage gap exists or not. This can attribute to a variety of contributors leading to women having lower wages than men.... [tags: Discrimination, Sexism, Gender, Poverty]
906 words (2.6 pages)
- Some sociological reason that gender, race and age discrimination will occur in America society is because of prejudice, racial stereotyping and racism. When thinking about discrimination the first thing that would come to a person’s mind is segregation. Discrimination is treatment or consideration of making distinction in favor of or against, a person, group or class. When gender is a part of discrimination it deals with the male or female humans not being good enough for something. Discriminating a person’s race deals with the person ethnicity, to judge because of your skin color can be very degrading to a person.... [tags: Discrimination, Racism, Stereotype, Gender]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- Causes and Effects of Sex Discrimination in Vietnam Sex discrimination is one of many obstinate problems in mankind society. It is a broad term used to reflect the super position of men in social treatment between women and men. Another term is sexual differentiation, which exists in almost all countries on over the world although the causes and the levels of it are various from each nation. Vietnam is among of nations where sexual differentiation can be easily recognized on many fields.... [tags: Gender Discrimination]
837 words (2.4 pages)