The human brain consists of many subsystems within the long-term memory. One of which is episodic memory. Episodic Memory is the remembrance of a phenomenal personal experience in terms of what, when, and where. This memory begins by retrieving information such as, words, objects, or faces; using this knowledge the episodic memory finds links and slowly transitions into recalling the complete memoir. Research studies established by Herlitz, Nilsson, and Backman prove that sex differences favor women when it comes to episodic memory. In this research experiment these psychologists took about 1,000 applicants, both male and female, between ages of 35 – 80, and asked them to remember a list of words; the study showed that women outperformed men by 25 percent. Coming to the conclusion that, since women were able to recall more words than men they evidently had the better episodic memory.
Furthermore this article expands upon this subcategory of memory by describing the two types of tasks involved with it: verbal-production ta...
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...al; this memory is something that only Joan and John would know. Comparing this to John’s argument, any individual is capable of finding the route to the restaurant, making his argument more prevalent and less intimate or personal.
Overall, sex differences have a remarkable effect on memory. According to the research in the article “Sex Differences in Episodic Memory” by psychologists Herlitz and Rehnman, although, men do have decent visuospatial tasks involved in episodic memory, the psychologists’ research determined that women have superior verbal-production tasks and visuospatial tasks; they are able to have both. As a result, the winner of the argument between Joan and John would be Joan. Women do have better memory.
Herlitz, A., & Rehnman, J. (2008). Sex differences in episodic memory. Current Directions in
Psychological Science, 17, 52-56.
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