Gender awareness and constructs of gender roles begin to develop as early as infancy (Martin, Ruble, & Szkrybalo, 2002). At eight months children display the ability to categorize adults by gender and nearly all children are able label their own gender by age two (Zosuls et al., 2009). Corresponding with the timeline of ...
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...Waal, 2006; Steensma et al., 2013). The 12-item Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale (UGDS) focus on “dissatsfaction with bodily aspects, gender identity, and gender roles” (Schneider, 2016) by asking to what extent clients identify with statements on a likart scale. An example from the male to female assessment is “I feel unhappy because I have a male body” and from the female to male measure “I continuously want to be treated like a boy.” Clients are asked whether they agree completely, agree somewhat, neutral, disagree somewhat, disagree completely and a score from 1 to 5 is given for each question. A dyphoric range of 50 to 60 has been established (Steensma et al., 2013) a score of 60 requires choosing the strongest statement on all 12 items while a score of 50 necessitates at least two of the strongest statements and can be reached in a number of combinations (ways).
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