Gender Between Female And Female Essay

Gender Between Female And Female Essay

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Gender also operates at an institutional level, which can be just as influential as the process of socialisation within the home. Inevitably, every individual will somehow be shaped by the institutions that they find themselves involved within, for example education and the workplace. Acker (1990 p146) provides a useful definition of the gendering of organisations. She explains how a gendered organisation or institution means that ‘advantage and disadvantage, exploitation and control, action and emotion, meaning and identity’ are all patterned in terms of distinguishing between male and female, as well as masculine and feminine. Interactionist approaches focus on the forces which operate external to the individuals. Interactionists argue people’s reactions and behaviours vary with context. Gender can be present in the ‘processes, practices, images and ideologies, and distributions of power in the various sectors of social life’ (Acker 1992 p567). Many institutions have been developed by men and are dominated by men who are in leading positions. Gender distinctions and inequalities are produced and reproduced through structures and practices of social institutions, for example sport. Gender permeates virtually all aspects of sport and due to the fact it creates and reinforces beliefs about gender inequalities, it is a gendered institution. There are different opportunities for each gender and different resources. The qualities associated with sports are power, domination and competition which are typically viewed as masculine qualities (Stempel 2006 cited in Wharton 2012 p88). These ideas often subliminally influence individuals for example men may feel like they must be talented at sports, whereas females feel like they either are...


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.... It suggests that to talk in general about women or men, or any other group for that matter is meaningless as identities consist of so many elements. To assume that a group of individuals can be seen collectively on the basic of simply a shared characteristic is wrong. Queer Theory proposes that we challenge the notions of fixed identity in a varied way. However, this is certainly not easily attainable. Gender based assumptions are deeply ingrained in culture and are continually reproduced as generations progress through institutionalisation and legitimisation. This is why it’s so difficult to eliminate and replace these preconceived ideas. Ideally, gender and sexuality would be significantly less influential in shaping social life and institutions would be degendered. Wharton (2012) argues that reducing gender inequalities will help reduce gender distinctions.



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