Essay on Gender And Gendered Division Of Labor

Essay on Gender And Gendered Division Of Labor

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Since the beginning of time, roles have been well established for each gender. Gender roles go as far back in time as hunter and gatherer societies. In these societies, males were relied upon to go out and do the hunting and fishing, while the women stayed and took care of the children and gathered plants. In addition to a gendered division of labor, there is also a racial division of labor. Nowadays, more and more women are beginning to find more jobs in the workplace where it would have been uncommon decades ago. However, women of color are still facing the same difficulties. There is a racial and gendered division of labor, where women of color are often responsible for lower wage, domestic work, while white men assume high paying leadership positions.
In the household, females have the roles of cooking breakfast, lunch, and dinner, cleaning bedrooms and bathrooms, and taking care of the children. Men begin to believe this at a very young age as girls are taught at a very young age what their roles are. In Tess Gallagher’s poem “I Stop Writing the Poem,” she takes notice that “somewhere a small girl, / standing next to her mother, / watching to see how it’s [the housework] done” (Abcarian 719). Research has shown that women are the ones who do the majority of the labor in the household. Fortunately, in the past few decades, this inequality has decreased, but the household division of labor is still extremely gendered. Even today the women are still the ones who are doing the house chores. Similarly, in the labor market, the gender segregation is still as high as it was in previous years.
Presently, there are many more women working than there were in the past. This is due to the fact that overtime, technological advances an...


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... careers. For example, “elementary and middle-school teachers made median weekly earnings of $937 in 2013, compared with $1,025 for men” (Mantell). This means that women made 91.4 cents for every dollar that men made, or 8.6 cents less. Furthermore, the amount that female social workers make is 16.4 cents less than men. There are many reasons as to what the reason for this unequal pay. “The gender gap in pay is a function of two distinct sources: the differential distribution of women and men across jobs and occupations that vary with respect to pay, and within-job pay differences” (Cohen). The first source is due to the fact that social processes prevent women from obtaining the high paying jobs that men occupy. The second source refers to the fact that there are certain things that limit the amount of money that women can make compared to men within the same job.

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