Essay about The Gay Rights Movement During The 20th Century

Essay about The Gay Rights Movement During The 20th Century

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From the 1960s to the 20th century, the Gay Rights Movement have made a phenomenal contribution socially and politically in order for lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, and transsexual (LGBT) Americans to have equal opportunities in employment, same-sex marriage, fair housing, hospital visitation, anti-bullying, and more importantly, a true quality of life, in the same manner as heterosexuals. A lot of courageous men and women, to name a few, Harvey Milk, Martin Duberman, Grethe Cammermeyer, and Zoe Dunning, sacrificed their time, careers, and lives to make an impactful difference for Gay Rights in America. Although the road was long, and by far, not easy, their endless efforts for the Gay Rights movement not only made American history, it changed the lives of many, from those involved in the riots at Stonewall Inn in the late 60s, all the way to the White House in the 20th Century.
Discrimination against Gay Rights
The Gay Rights Movement began early as the 1920s. However, the 60s was inevitably a radical turning point for social movements and political change for Gay Rights. During this era, “gay men and women were pressured into keeping their sexual lives very closeted; they succeeded in creating a diverse subculture” (Carter, 2004). During this time, the LGBT community didn’t have many places they could go to be open about their sexuality, moreover, “America’s laws had traditionally oppressed those who engaged in same-sex lovemaking” (Carter, 2004). In 1961, if two consenting homosexual adults engaged in sexual activities in private, and were caught by the authorities, they could receive either a small fine, or up to 5yrs to life in prison. Authorities looked upon these acts as immoral; therefore, laws were very tough for homos...


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...welcomes the service of every patriot. We are a nation that believes that all men and women are created equal. Those are the ideals that generations have fought for. Those are the ideals that we uphold today. And now, it is my honor to sign this bill into law” (Raghavan, 2011). A year after the Act was repealed, the White House requested that a few gay and lesbian service members to reflect on their “long journey toward the repeal”, these service members included: Retired Navy Commander, Zoe Dunning who “was one of the only openly gay service members in the country, having successfully fought an attempted discharge in 1993”, and “Retired Colonel Grethe Cammermeyer, RN, PhD, a Vietnam Veteran and Bronze Star recipient who spent much of her life advocating against the original ban on gays in the military and later against “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” (Raghavan, 2011).

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