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In the 1920’s there was a study conducted by Fredric M. Thrasher. Thrasher studied 1,313 gangs in Chicago and revealed the issue of gangs. He considered the poor in poverty as the area increasing in gangs. This area was known as the “zone in transition” and was referred as in his studies. Thrasher has many law reinforcement and social workers helping him bring a stop to this madness. According to Thrashers studies “Important variables such as the age of gang members or the organizational features of the gangs were not related in a straightforward way to differences in the behavior of gangs” (Cummings 6). Thrasher has analyzed these gangs in many ways to the extent or romantic life in gangs. He helped us distinguish the difference in stereotype gangs and then the actual facts involving them.
Adolescent boy’s health is being affected in many places such as rural and urban areas. "Almost 30% of cities with more than 2,500 people have reported problems with gangs, and more than 80% of cities with more than 50,000 people have reported these problems (Kelly)." Multiple different backgrounds are affected by this type of violence, the most affected percentage are pointed toward African American boys between age 12 and 19. When being a victim of gang violence a person could not only being involved but if they were to witness it they are just as much impacted by it. It is shown to create violence throughout households when they are placed in a community that has a huge percentage of this type of violence. When gangs are talked to be a positive thing the amount of people increases their desire to want to join one. Many adolescent boys think of gangs as a sense of security at school.
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Gang involved crimes are not a priority to the cops therefore more violence occurs to enable protection. Victims of gangs believe that there is no way out, they believe that the police cannot protect them do to history. Gang members intimidate residents easily and take it as the way of being empowering. A victim’s decision making is directed by two goals. “The first is to lessen the immediate pain and suffering that is likely to occur, and the second is to reduce the process of future victimization (Melde, Rennison).” It has been documented that gang membership is in result to violence and many testing’s have proved this. People believe that they have to kill another human life just too basically make themselves look cool in front of another member. Many gang members are initiated by killing a harmless person that doesn’t deserve it at the moment just to be a part of something so horrific. People are pressured into something that they think is okay because the others around them are doing it as well.
Becoming a gang member is wrong in so many ways, but some people may not have a choice. Joining a gang is hard on the people joining it and don’t believe that they can do anything to stop it from happening. Drug selling is very popular to gangs and can result in violence very easily. Drug trafficking is very popular and many adolescents get involved in this when they first began being ion a gang. Many kids are born into the life of a gang member. Parents could be the head of some huge gang and expect their children to follow their footsteps. If a parent lives the life of a gang member for too long then they began to think that it is okay because it is a way of protection. It would make them feel more secure of the situation they are involved in if they knew what they were doing. Many People believe that nothing the cops do can help them in the situation that they are in but usually it is not the case. People in the gang make them feel like family and they cannot go against family.
Although many people believe that gang violence involves a lot of boys they are wrong because it is also a hug impact on young girls. “Whereas official records indicate that fewer than 10% of gang members are female, self-report studies consistently find rates between 20 and 46% (Deschenes, Esbensen).” There have been multiple high rates again young females being victimized by gang violence but they are not at the same rate of offending as males are. Male and female both commit serious violent related crimes. Even though a girl may seem all sweet and innocent it doesn’t mean that she is any more unlikely to commit a crime. Males are considered to be stronger but females can use a weapon the same exact way a male could. Many people believe in the delinquency theory that females commit the same crimes as males for the same reason. There has not been much research on females and this theory but it is a huge assumption on the victimized. Many believe the control theory best describes the females in a gang. This theory is in control of the weakness in a social bond between one another.
There is an association between gang members and a victimized feeling violent. Multiple studies show that being in a gang ends in a huge result of violence. They believe that being in a gang is different from participating in it for a long period of times. When joining a gang one has to participate in activities to prove your strength and that they are brave enough to complete a task that takes a lot of guts. In comparison to them people that have been in a gang for a long time can take on any job no matter how hard it is to complete because they are experienced. People in a gang don’t have a conscious when it comes to the awful things they do throughout the process in a gang. They complete multiple violent crimes to save their selves from other gangs that are considered their enemy and are a threat.
There are a crazy amount of prevention programs when dealing with the gangs around us. Many program spent their time finding kids in schools or in jail that being victimized by a gang. They help them have a second chance in their way of life each and every day. A trauma leader informs the mother and father of the situation and talk to the child about the deaths they have witnessed throughout this process. They also Give the child a survey to complete that ask them if they even want to be in a gang and what they had to do. This survey gives them a sense of what they are going to endure from other children in this process. They give the children the chance to give up the names of the people in their gangs so they can seek help as well. At first the children are resistant but the program tries make them understand that this is what needs to happen. “Forty-nine youths identiñed as at risk for gang involvement participated in the A Second's Chance program; 37 (76%) were male and 12 (24%) were female (Hughes).” 20 percent of participants in a gang die the first year they are it from violent crimes they were trying to commit.
School psychologist is also a huge part in preventing the increase of gangs. They get a lot of incite from the victims in these situations. They take what the kids tell them and take action by putting these children in a prevention program. In a school 57% of the respondents reported “a behavioral conference with the administrator” a response. NASP is a program the school psychology was trained through. This school psychologist training is a huge help on the kids in the school because they know how to talk to them. They help through this hard time in their life and make them realize that what they are doing is not right no matter who told them different. These kids think that everyone else around them is doing it so why not. These psychologists help them realize differently. It may take a while to realize it but eventually after they use what they learned through training they can eventually get it through their heads.
Gang violence has been a problem in society for several of years and is a growing problem each and every day. When looking at the different point of views in the life of a gang and the people preventing it they both give very valid points in why they pursue in it. Gang violence is a terrifying experience to witness and actually be involved in. People usually get invited into this experience and basically don’t have a choice with this invite. Some dangerous activities is to prove their not weak. People do horrifying things to prove this each day of their gang relate life. With the increasing amount of groups evolving each day to prevent this I would hope to see the number of deaths affected by gang violence decrease tremendously.
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