Sociologists see deviance as a collection of individuals, conditions, and actions that society disvalues, finds offensive or condemns. In part because gangs as deviant groups violate societies norms through crimes such as theft etc. Various explanations exist to explain the formation of gangs; Howard Becker, an American sociologist, claims that negative labels excaberate deviant behaviors by excluding individuals (Skatvedt & Schou, 2008). Further, individuals cannot distinguish between false needs such as watches, cars etc. and true needs (food, water, etc.) (Marcuse, 1964). Thus, the strain theory suggests that the inability to legitimately achieve socially desirable goals such as having a car etc., through hard-work leads to the formation of gang subcultures in which they reject the core values of societies by illegitimately obtaining the car through robbery (Merton, 1997). Societies disapproval of illegitimate methods to obtain material goods leads to sanctions of social control against gang members. Negative labels that cause social exclusion and the inability to acquire socially desirable goals (cars, luxury items etc.) without criminal activities leads to an individual’s greater involvement in gangs, thus society attempts to contain their delinquent nature through methods of social control.
The consequences of labeling
Deviance involves breaking norms and evoking negative reactions from societal members through the association of negative labels. According to Becker, the labelling theory of deviance looks at what happens to individuals after they are labelled as deviant (Skatvedt & Schou, 2008) The symbolic interactionist approach focuses on the role of social labels and...
... middle of paper ...
...ociety discourages gang participation and activites in local communites.
Conclusions and Future Study
In the end, gangs as a deviant group violate the legitimate methods of hard work and education to achieve shared goals of wealth and material objects. Once groups acquire a deviant identity they are unwillingly cast in negative social roles (incapable of success etc). In applying the strain theory, contemporary consumer culture perpetuates an instabiale desire for more wealth and commodities; in turn, a gang members involvement in shop lifting or street robbery is seen as an attempt to bridge the consumer/commodity deficit. Ultiamtely, intervention strategies impose sanctions upon gang members to force them to conform to societal standards of legitimacy. Further studies can be done on the effectivness of various social control methods on reducing gang membership.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the present module’s case, each author focused on their own policy (often very innovative for their period of time) program on how to combat gangs. For instance, the police gang unit (Decker, 2007), POP (Braga, 2008), or “The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) […] a gang- and delinquency-prevention program delivered by law enforcement officers within a school setting.” (Esbensen et al., 2011); “a youth gang social control program in Little Village […] community -wide approach to gang prevention, intervention and suppression at five cites throughout the country.” ( Spergel et al., 2006); various programs and methods, virying from the prevention till suppression ( p.136)... [tags: Gang, Crime, Criminology]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- ... In particular, since they have invested heavily in conforming these individuals have more to lose than those who have not invested in their future in a conforming fashion. (Reginald et al, 1995). Third, is involvement, which Hirschi utilized in order to illustrate that when large amounts of structured time are invested in socially approved activities, such as sports or work, the time for available deviance is drastically reduced (Reginald et al, 1995). Specifically, active engagement in conventional endeavors acts as a powerful protective factor against delinquency (Huebner and Betts, 2002).... [tags: social control theory]
2849 words (8.1 pages)
- 1.What role does physical abuse have in causing juvenile delinquency. Are abuse victims more likely to commit a crime. The family is considered the basis of society. Exposure to manifestations of violence in society promotes their learning as an acceptable way of relating in the family, of resolving conflicts, dealing with tensions and exercising control over other people. They tend to repeat said patterns, becoming new victims and victimizers. Juvenile delinquency is one of the many causes of child abuse.... [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology, Gang]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
- According to the text “Juvenile Delinquency: The Core” the social structure theory associates juvenile delinquency rates to socioeconomic structure conditions, for example poor communities, families that are usually unemployed, families that have a continuous cycle of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), single parent households, families with incarcerated fathers, sons and even moms and daughters. Some of these children are raised by grandparents or placed in the foster care system. Many young people in these communities are parents themselves – babies raising babies.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Juvenile delinquency]
703 words (2 pages)
- Juvenile Delinquency Delinquency is defined as juvenile actions or conduct in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile behavior. (Schmalleger, 2001) However, this is not the only category of what types of children are in the juvenile justice system. There are five other categories and they include: undisciplined children, dependent children, neglected children, abused children, and status offenders. Undisciplined children are said to be beyond parental control and do not listen to anyone of authority, such as teachers, or any school officials.... [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Crime, Childhood]
1567 words (4.5 pages)
- In 2011, a total of 61,423 youths in the United States were considered juvenile and of that statistic 14% were females (Child Trends, 2013, p.1). The topic of Female Delinquency is important to discuss these days because it wasn’t until recent years that researchers even looked at females and the reasons behind their crime rates. Society normally looks upon males as being the normal criminal; however, with recent studies, females can be just as delinquent as males. Most people look at females as being feminine and not participating in criminal behavior, which is why not until recent years we have stepped out of this incorrect view and saw that not all females are the same.... [tags: Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency]
1735 words (5 pages)
- Delinquency and gang violence has disturbed many communities in Urban African American areas. Engaging youth in community programs may take away from the violence, focusing on the missing factor within delinquents. Youth delinquents are molded into violent criminals before they have a chance to build themselves, the known reason is there communities have a part in there behavior. A problem many communities are faced with is delinquency and gangs. Delinquency and gangs begin to pull in the similarities and focus more on the meaning connected to youth violence from the past to the present.... [tags: Communities, Urban, African American Areas]
1308 words (3.7 pages)
- To assess proper intervention methodology, one must first understand intervention in the context of gang membership. “One of the explicit goals of many recent and ongoing criminal justice interventions is to target youth most at risk for involvement in serious, chronic, and violent offending,” (Melde, Gavazzi, McGarrell & Bynum, 2011). That said, the unfortunate truth is that intervention programs focusing on active gang members are largely lacking in the United States. Instead, the focus has been put on at-risk youth prior to gang initiation as well as putting active gang members behind bars rather than positively intervening with the individual(s).... [tags: Gang, Crime, Criminology, Sociology]
1405 words (4 pages)
- Juvenile delinquency is a prevalent issue that society faces, regardless if the community is primitive or modern, rich or poor, and so on. Juveniles are juveniles under 18 years of age. Delinquent acts range from something as minor as being out past curfew to more serious acts like physical assaults. Strain Theory suggests juvenile delinquency is at its highest during ages 10-17, because of several factors: desire autonomy, financially dependency upon their guardians, and often experience a lack of social support from family and friends.... [tags: Juvenile delinquency, Jaime Escalante, High school]
995 words (2.8 pages)
- The purpose of this paper is to support the notion that males are more prone to becoming a juvenile delinquent than females are. Various research studies have been conducted that support this statement to an extent. In the field of sociology, it is taken into account that not only does psychological difficulties affect delinquency, but more importantly societal influences. A behavior is only seen as delinquent once it goes against the norms of society. Society often does not take into account the underlying issues behind the juvenile delinquent, only prosecuting them and portraying an example for society to follow.... [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology]
1044 words (3 pages)