Gallipoli: The defining moment in Australian National Identity Essay

Gallipoli: The defining moment in Australian National Identity Essay

Length: 907 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Australia is a relatively young country; only becoming a unified nation in 1901 (Commonwealth of Australia, 2012). A young country is no different from a young person; identity is an issue. Questions of who am I and where do I fit in the world are asked, and unfortunately not often answered until a tragedy occurs. National identity is a sense of a nation and its people as a connected whole. This feeling of cohesiveness can be shaped by many events in a nation’s history but none more so than war. War is a stressful, traumatic affair that changes forever, not only the people that go to it but the nation as a whole. Many consider the Great War Australia’s tragedy where we became a nation (Bollard, 2013) with our own modern identity.
Of course it is naïve to believe that Australians only developed an identity after the First World War, but it is true to say that it was changed forever. Before Australia became the Australia known today, it was a land of bush rangers, farmers and convicts; a penal colony that had ambitions of becoming a nation who self-governed and had unified defence and transport*. Before federation Australia had fought in Sudan and the Boer War to provide support to the mother country as it was thought to be a heroic endeavour that was a type of rite of passage (Australian War Memorial, n.d.) and there was a global perception of who and what Australians were. Upon federation the people were very consciously intent on building themselves into a great nation (Bean, 1993), but not to sever ties to Britain completely as mostly foreign policy relied on what the British government dictated (Rickard, 1992).
When the Great War began, Australia went to war as a nation which not only held its own but was invaluable to many ...


... middle of paper ...


...m.gov.au/atwar/
Austin, R. (2005). Gallipoli encyclopedia. Rosebud: Slouch Hat Publications
Bean, C. E. W. (1993) Anzac to Amiens. Ringwood: Penguin Books Australia Ltd.
Bean, C. E. W. (2010). The ANZAC book (3rd ed.). Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
Bollard, R. (2013). In the shadow of Gallipoli the hidden history of Australia in World War I. [EBL]. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com.au/
Department of Veterans’ Affairs (n.d.). Lance Corporal Albert Jacka. Retrieved from http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/vc/jakka.html
MacDermott, D. (1993). As we see you. In D. Grant & G. Seal (Eds.), Australia in the world (pp. 86-91). Perth: Black Swan Press
Rickard, J. (1992). Australia: a cultural history. New York: Longman Inc.
Seal, G. ( 2007). ANZAC: The scared in the secular. Journal of Australian Studies, 31(91), 135-144. doi: 10.1080/14443050709388135

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Peter Weir’s film Gallipoli Essay

- Peter Weir’s 1981 film Gallipoli can in every sense of the phrase be called an ‘Australian classic’. The impact and effect this film has had upon the psyche and perspective of several generations of Australians has been significant. Whilst it can be argued that every Australian is aware of the ANZAC legend, and the events that occurred on the Turkish beaches in 1915, Weir’s film encapsulates and embodies a cultural myth which is now propagated as fact and embraced as part of the contemporary Australian identity....   [tags: Australian Nationalism, Classic, Mythic Australia]

Better Essays
1710 words (4.9 pages)

Sense of National Identity Essay

- National identity is a sense of a nation and its people as a connected whole from an internal and external perspective (internal as the people of that nation see themselves and external as the rest of the world views the people of that nation) which has developed over time. A young country is no different from a young person, in the respect that identity is an issue. Australia as a relatively young country had issues of an independent identity for many decades prior to and after federating and becoming a unified nation in 1901 (Commonwealth of Australia, 2012)....   [tags: Connections, Internal, External Perspectives]

Better Essays
1267 words (3.6 pages)

Essay Gallipoli - The Anzac Legend

- Gallipoli - The Anzac Legend The Anzac Legend is the source of the Aussie Fight and bravery that will live on for future generations to understand and to acknowledge their courage and bravery. Some would say The Anzac Legend all began when Britain declared they were in need of help and it was Australia’s duty to go to their aid. Australia tossed aside experience and opted for youth. There were big incentives to go. To travel and visit foreign places, economic reasons, to be with their mates but the most incentive of all was that Britain needed help....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
715 words (2 pages)

The importance of History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship in the Australian Curriculum

- ... Australia’s history provides a tradition for identity, such as the connection arising from myth-making and heroes in literature, seen in works such by A. B. Paterson, and artists like Sidney Nolan. Therefore, in the curriculum history provides an opportunity to learn about a ‘shared’ national experience, and prompts an appreciation of the change of societal mores not only from the past but in current Australia. History on its own gives the opportunity to view Australian identity as a fluid concept, and one undergoing many changes....   [tags: culture, discipline, identity]

Better Essays
936 words (2.7 pages)

Mateship in Australian Films Essay

- Mateship in Australian Films Mateship has long been a major aspect of the national image as projected by Australian films, yet the moralities of mateship and the image of men as mates did not go unchallenged. Australian cinema as a significant part of the whole industry of image-makers in the country, the way it portrays mateship, the single most important mythic element in the cultural identity of Australia, is worth analysing. This paper first reviews the historical background of mateship in Australia and its contemporary development....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
5132 words (14.7 pages)

Culture In Australia Essay

- CULTURE GOVERNMENT/ HISTORY There are different views in concern to the subject of Australia’s culture and the relations to the government and history. Many claim that Australia’s blend of global influences-the cross-fertilisation of cultures by the dominant political powers of Great Britain, the United States, and emerging neighbours in Asia. Others argue that separate and distinct Australian cultures have existed for a long time, as an example, Aborigines. Aboriginal cultures dating back thousands of years took many forms, with over 100 separate languages, and with widespread social networks making it necessary for Aboriginal people to be multilingual to communicate....   [tags: Australian History Government]

Better Essays
1389 words (4 pages)

The Significance of the Gallipoli Campaign in Australian History Essay

- The Gallipoli campaign was a military disaster but it is still one of the most important conflicts in which Australia was involved. On 25th April 1915 between 4:30 and 6:30 am the Gallipoli Peninsula was invaded by British, Australian and New Zealand forces. This was to start the long, hard weeks in which the troops were fighting for ground that the enemy controlled in Turkey. They were attempting to gain a supply route to Russia to aid them in repelling the German and Turkish soldiers from their country....   [tags: Culture, war, Australia]

Better Essays
882 words (2.5 pages)

Multiculturalism and Its Effect on Australian National Identity Essay

- Drawing on the theoretical and methodological insights by Edward Said (1978), in an attempt to understand (and possibly control, manipulate and/or incorporate) the ‘other’, how has ‘white Australia’ constructed the ‘other’ (e.g., Indigenous Australians; people of Asian or Middle-Eastern appearance). How has this construction helped define what it is to be an ‘Australian’. Provide examples (e.g., a case-study) and relevant sociological data to support your analysis. Orientalism refers to the study of mannerism, class, cultures or customs definite to or characteristic of the Orient that has been carried out by the west....   [tags: Cultural Identity Essays]

Better Essays
2527 words (7.2 pages)

Essay about The Australian National Curriculum

- A National Curriculum has been of some importance within the Australian Governments for some time. Previous national planned curriculums have been developed and failed a number of times. The Australian Governments with the guidance of the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians have developed ‘The Australian Curriculum’; A planned national curriculum from Foundation to Year 12 covering a variety of learning areas or subjects catering for Diversity, Differences and the needs of the 21st Century....   [tags: Australian Education, Australia]

Better Essays
2358 words (6.7 pages)

Gallipoli Essay

- Gallipoli is the tragic tale of two Australian men, Frank Dunne and Archie Hamilton, who both enlisted to join the Gallipoli campaign overseas. The film follows the two men from their time as competitors in a sprint races to Perth for enlistment the light horse. The film itself isn’t so much a ‘war’ film as it is a film dealing with attitudes of Australians through particular individuals towards war in 1915. The story is told through the continued themes within the film such as competitiveness, mateship and sporting spirit....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
644 words (1.8 pages)