Of course it is naïve to believe that Australians only developed an identity after the First World War, but it is true to say that it was changed forever. Before Australia became the Australia known today, it was a land of bush rangers, farmers and convicts; a penal colony that had ambitions of becoming a nation who self-governed and had unified defence and transport*. Before federation Australia had fought in Sudan and the Boer War to provide support to the mother country as it was thought to be a heroic endeavour that was a type of rite of passage (Australian War Memorial, n.d.) and there was a global perception of who and what Australians were. Upon federation the people were very consciously intent on building themselves into a great nation (Bean, 1993), but not to sever ties to Britain completely as mostly foreign policy relied on what the British government dictated (Rickard, 1992).
When the Great War began, Australia went to war as a nation which not only held its own but was invaluable to many ...
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Austin, R. (2005). Gallipoli encyclopedia. Rosebud: Slouch Hat Publications
Bean, C. E. W. (1993) Anzac to Amiens. Ringwood: Penguin Books Australia Ltd.
Bean, C. E. W. (2010). The ANZAC book (3rd ed.). Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
Bollard, R. (2013). In the shadow of Gallipoli the hidden history of Australia in World War I. [EBL]. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com.au/
Department of Veterans’ Affairs (n.d.). Lance Corporal Albert Jacka. Retrieved from http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/vc/jakka.html
MacDermott, D. (1993). As we see you. In D. Grant & G. Seal (Eds.), Australia in the world (pp. 86-91). Perth: Black Swan Press
Rickard, J. (1992). Australia: a cultural history. New York: Longman Inc.
Seal, G. ( 2007). ANZAC: The scared in the secular. Journal of Australian Studies, 31(91), 135-144. doi: 10.1080/14443050709388135
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