... middle of paper ...
...rity seems well founded because of their lack of conviction by “quickly deserting” (Gal. 1:6) the gospel and Paul’s infantilizing tone when calling them his “little children” (Gal. 4:19). The support for Paul first introducing the Torah to these people is more troublesome. Johnson’s support verses, (Gal. 3:2; 4:21; 5:4) simply explain that the Galatians did not receive the Spirit of Christ through the Law. On top of the lack of textual evidence, Richard Longenecker a fellow New Testament scholar, states that Jews resided throughout Galatia and singled out the idea of Jews not residing in North Galatia as being “patently false” (Longenecker, 1990, p. lxix). Altogether, the description of the Galatians pulled from Paul’s epistle reveals a gullible people that initially “would have torn out [their] eyes” for Paul (Gal. 4:15) but are now acting “foolish” (Gal. 3:1; 3:3).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Apostle Paul wrote this epistle to the churches in the Roman province of Galatia and though there has been some disagreement about the authenticity of Galatians being Pauline in the past (Evanson, 1792 and Bruno Bauer, 1850) there is little doubt in modern scholarship as to its authenticity. Herman Ridderbos, in his commentary on Galatians, says this, “It is possible now to say that there is not a single letter that is so generally regarded as authentic as is Paul’s letter to the Galatians.” The authenticity is so certain that Galatians has become a plumb line by which to judge the authenticity of the other epistles found in Scripture.... [tags: New Testament, Christianity, Paul of Tarsus, Jesus]
1155 words (3.3 pages)
- Madeleine Neveu's "Epistle To My Daughter" Madeleine Neveu eloquently gives words of wisdom to her daughter Catherine in her piece entitled, "Epistle to My Daughter." Madeleine is quite aware of the attitude surrounding educated women in her time period. Yet, she abandons those opinions to express her own for her daughter. Her epistle embraces the need for a woman to be true to herself and to stand on her own two feet, as opposed to relying on a man to hold her up. Madeleine’s epistle is quite straightforward.... [tags: Neveu Epistle Daughter Essays]
1529 words (4.4 pages)
- In the book of Galatians, the apostle Paul writes to the country of Galatia regarding misinterpreted practices around the time of 48 A.D. The Judaizers was using Old Testament ceremonial rituals like circumcision. They performed this ritual with Gentiles who converted to the Christian faith. Paul responded by clearly establishing additional requirements in order to receive justification. It is said that his adversaries had perverted the gospel of grace, and he stated “It is by grace through faith alone that people are justified” (Epistle).... [tags: New Testament, Christianity, Paul of Tarsus]
1447 words (4.1 pages)
- I. Introduction 1:1-9 In this opening chapter, Paul begins with a formal introduction of himself. He asserts the source from whom he obtained his apostolic call and ministry from- the risen Christ and “God the Father” (v.1). He follows with a stern rebuke of the Galatian Christians who have allowed themselves to be duped into to embracing the heretical teachings promulgated by the Judaizers. A. Salutation 1:1-5 Paul establishes his credentials forthrightly and formally. This was crucial in terms of validating the ensuing message of the epistle.... [tags: Religion, Bible, Paul]
2136 words (6.1 pages)
- Catherine des Roches' "Epistle To Her Mother" The "Epistle To Her Mother" by Catherine des Roches of Poitiers discusses the very close and dear relationship that exists between mother and daughter. In this letter, the daughter gives a very detailed and vibrant description of the closeness and respect that she shares with her mother. She also reveals her thankfulness to her mother for all that her mother has bestowed upon her. She does this by taking a vow of silence at the end of the letter, which will allow her mother to live a longer and fuller life.... [tags: Catherine Roches Epistle Letter Essays]
1537 words (4.4 pages)
- The Epistle of Paul is the foundation and the most absolute book in the New Testament. Its historical impact is unequaled by any book possibly due to its international appeal. Although it is referred to as a book, Romans was actually an occasional letter. "Paul was a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28) and a strict Pharisee, a Hebrew of Hebrews (Acts 23:6); He studied under Gamaliel, one of the most famous Jewish rabbis at Jerusalem" (Towns & Gutierrez, 2012). Paul being educated and intellectual knew how to frame words and speak to his audience in a way that engaged them; causing them to embrace Gods amazing grace by His plan of redemption through His Son, Jesus Christ.... [tags: New Testament, Bible, Grace of God]
861 words (2.5 pages)
- The epistle of James (named after its author, just like other epistles) addresses the Jewish believers that are scattered abroad as seen in James 1:1. Other than the authorship of this epistle, its apostolic credentials, the main reason of dispute in regards to its canonicity is the fact that James addresses works and its relationship with faith. With Paul’s teachings that focused on salvation that rest on grace alone and that which is gained without works, James here tries to give a lot of significance to “works.” Douglas quotes Martin Luther from the reformation, calling the writing, “an epistle of straw” as it speaks against Pauline theology of “Justification of Faith” in his view.... [tags: authorship, bible, jewish, god]
2444 words (7 pages)
- Commonly referred to as the “Epistle of straw”, it is interesting to note that some of the most practical exhortations of the entire New Testament are found in this small epistle. The book of James promotes a maturity and growth as the Word of the LORD saturates the life of the believer. At face value, a contrary worldview seems to be influencing this author’s words, but upon further examination, a practical application of the truth and doctrine promoted by other Pauline epistles seems to be a primary focus of this epistle (DeSilva 814).... [tags: New Testament, Jesus, Christianity, Old Testament]
1416 words (4 pages)
- The book Studies in Galatians was a very fine read. The book written by Tom Wacaster was very well put together. I felt like he did a fine job gathering good help to really bring home some of the main points out of this book. Well-organized verse by verse is bought to the attention of the reader in a simple format. I really like the fact that he shared the ideas of others and did not hesitate to let the reader know that who was saying what. From the very beginning, Mr. Waycaster let you know in the introduction a very pinpointed direction and sent you on your way.... [tags: scripture, description, ideas, facts]
806 words (2.3 pages)
- OUTLINE I. When and where Galatians was written II. Why Galatians was written III. Who wrote Galatians IV. Paul's stand on his authority in the Letter to the Galatians V. The primary themes of the book of Galatians VI. Conclusion Paul's Letter to the Galatians Where, when, why, and by whom Galatians was written as well as the issue, of Paul's authority, addressed by him in his letter and the primary themes are all important in order to understand this book. "The Letter of Paul to the Galatians" is the ninth book of the New Testament in the Bible.... [tags: Religion]
1099 words (3.1 pages)