America in the seventies had social groups of powerful and the less powerful in America. Two writers in particular wrote works to illustrate the workings of society structure back then. These two authoggrs where Gans and Mills. Gain’s theory on poverty shows how the elites dominated the poor and Mill’s essay discusses the social institutions and their power in society both of which are similar.
Gan’s theory on poverty implies the ruling elite and middle class benefit from the people in poverty. “First, the existence of poverty ensures that society’s “dirty work” will be done.” (Gans 1971 ) Gan’s states that every society needs workers to do their dirty work at low cost and America is no different. America forces the needy to perform labor at low cost because they have no other work. Creating subsidies for the middle class and upper class with cheap products. Continuing to work in low wages and dirty conditions ensure the higher classes’ social rank stability. The higher class could earn cheap labor from the poor laborers and earn profit to keep them in power. If Everyone gets paid more and are working les the statues of wealthy would not only degrade but their way of luxuries would degrade also. The middle class was the population purchasing the services and products the people in poverty where producing and was a benefiter of poverty in America. This view was partly influenced by the functionalist theory. He pointed out in groups of society interlocked and working together. The conflict theory also influenced his views of the world. The conflict theory by marx states groups of individuals from differnet social status have power over lower class social individuals. This means groups of w...
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...ing from the people in poverty. Mills goes into depth about the institutions being interconnected groups with individuals controlling them and gans talks about the elite individuals make up the higher class of society. Mills and Gains obviously have similarities in their writing both are about society and the way the powerful affect the less powerful?
Gan’s essay showed that the wealthy and middle class gain from the hard work of the lower class. He also showed that poverty recreated new jobs to take care of the people in poverty. His views where based on the functions and conflict theory. Mill’s recognized the social institution at work in American. In particular, the Economic, Political and Militarily intuitions. He also showed them as being interconnected to one another. Both Essay’s showed social power and made people think about how much the world has changed.
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