The future of corrections is going to be impacted from everything from the national economy to the aging prison population. In this paper we will be covering the economic impact of corrections and how it will decide the course of corrections in the future. We shall also look into the aging population of prisons and the overcrowding based on this phenomenon. A look into the prison population as a whole as well as the community based corrections such as probation.
The U.S. corrections system has gone through an extraordinary growth during the last few decades. At the end of 2014, 1.5 million adults were in state, local, or federal custody, with another 4.6 million on probation or parole. Internationally. The United States has 5% of the world’s population but 22% of its prisoners. The majority of the prison growth was brought on in the mid to late 1980’s with the advent on the war on drugs, harsh sentencing laws, and high rates of recidivism. (BJS)
The U.S. Labor Department expects the number of supervisors, and other staff to grow by 5% between 2012 and 2022, while the number of probation and parole officers is to increase by 16%. This however does not include the privatization of jails throughout the united states..(BLS)
The growth of corrections as a whole has other impacts. A number of small rural towns have chosen to tie their resources into prisons, viewing the institutions as recession-proof development. Though many local representatives cite benefits, broader research suggests that prisons may not generate the nature and scale of benefits municipalities expect or may even slow growth in some areas. Pennsylvania State University researchers created a special data set to track U.S. prison construc...
... middle of paper ...
...ot on poverty or neighborhoods. It is clearly on the straps we put on the parents to properly discipline the child. Schools are teaching our children to call Child Protective Services any time the parent punishes the child. Whether that be a spanking or sent to one’s room. Parents are becoming scared to discipline their children and the results are a higher incarceration rate of children ages 13-18 years of age.
These children then become part of the system and continue to commit these small crimes such as shop lifting and then they graduate to drug dealing or even homicide and they are being taught these crimes in the juvenile corrections system.
The corrections system is a circle and unless we actually plan, prepare, and execute the plan we will never get anywhere in correcting the problem. Simply put the system needs an overhaul and it needed it 10 years ago.
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