A recent study conducted in Australia showed that the fungus Coriolus versicolor, also known as English turkey tail possessed a rare compound which prevented prostate tumors from developing in animals. Coriolus versicolor was shown to secrete a natural chemical known as polysaccharopeptide or PSP (Ling & Bavas, 2011). Which is a complex sugar molecule attached to a chain of amino acids. The strength of this compound lies in its ability to enhance the helper T cells, which play a crucial role in strengthening the immune system. Turkey tail mushroom has been the focus of numerous controlled clinic...
... middle of paper ...
...o fungus for cancer treatment. The world today. [audio podcast]. Retrieved from
Ng, T. B.1998. A review of research on the protein-bound polysaccharide (polysaccharopeptide, psp) from the mushroom coriolus versicolor (basidiomycetes: polyporaceae) Gen. Pharmac., 30(1), 1-4.
Wan, J.P., Sit, W., & Louie, J.C. (2008), polysaccharopeptide enhances the anticancer activity of doxorubicin and etoposide onhuman breast cancer cells zr-75-30. International journal of oncology 32: 689-699.
Who(2011). Cancer fact sheet n°297. Retrieved from world health organization (who) website:
Zaidman, B., Yassin, M., Mahajna, J., Wasser, S.P., 2005. Medicinal mushroom modulators of molecular targets as cancer therapeutics. Appl microbiol biotechnol 67: 453–468.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- IMMUNITY TO PARASITES AND APOPTOSIS. Humoral and cellular immunity are the two sides of immunity turn on during parasitic infections and ideally are aimed to fight infection. However, in some cases immunity to parasites can exacerbate the disease and induce tissue injury. Cellular Immunity Animal models have been most useful to better understand mechanisms of immunity to parasites. Athymic mice that lack T cells are unable to control several parasite infections. This clearly indicates that T cells play an important role during the development of these infections (39,40).... [tags: Biology, Cellular Immunity]
1925 words (5.5 pages)
- A dimorphic fungus known as Candida albicans is the highest investigated and most common fungal pathogen in humans, capable of evading the human complement system. It populates the oral and genitourinary cavity surfaces, the digestive tract and triggers an array of infections that are dependent upon the character of latent imperfections in the host. As a former hospital employee that has witnessed firsthand accounts of the increasing degree of such infections, it sparked my curiosity to investigate the reason and manner in which this fungi can achieve such virulence.... [tags: Candida Albicans, fungi, immune system]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- Very few view fungi as essential to human life. If asked to consider this diverse kingdom, most would only answer with whether they enjoy mushrooms on their pizzanotwithstanding the fact that there are at the very least 1 million species of fungi thought to outnumber vascular plants by a ratio somewhere between six to one and thirty-three to one. Even so, only 100,000 species of fungi are known to exist while mycologists continue to discover 1000 new species every year. Most notable was the recent discovery of a single honey mushroom congregation thought to weigh 605 tons and cover 2200 acres of Oregon’s Strawberry Mountains.... [tags: Fungi]
906 words (2.6 pages)
- Gaining Control of the Gene Responsible for Apoptosis When we gain control of the gene responsible for the phenomenon of apoptosis, we will be in control of aging. We are finding more evidence every day, indicating genetic links to all sorts of factors in the human being. We are just now beginning to scratch the surface of our own genetics. A landmark discover has just been unveiled: In February , the two groups charting the human genome published their results—the entire 3 billion base pair sequence.... [tags: Apoptosis Aging Genetics Essays]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Introduction As creatures of the light, it is natural for us to fear the dark unknown of death. However, if we only knew how prevalent death is in our lives, perhaps we would not be so afraid or disgusted by it. For it is death that keeps our body running functionally, and giving the organ systems physical definition, enabling them to work properly. The building blocks of our bodies-- cells-- are alive and constantly growing, and if they continued to do so without pause, our organ systems would become enlarged and misshapen, and we as an unified organism would die.... [tags: Cellular Biology]
1971 words (5.6 pages)
- We isolated thirty thermophilic fungi with ability to grow at 45 °C on medium containing wheat bran and casein as carbon sources and produced proteases in both SSF and SmF (data not shown). The fungus strain F.2.1.4 presented the highest protease activity and was sub-jected to taxonomic characterization. Analyses of macro and micro-morphological characteristics accommodated the isolate F.2.1.4 in the genus Myceliophthora due to the presence of spreading colonies with dense aerial mycelium and blastic conidia often borne in ampulliform swellings (Van Oorschot, 1980).... [tags: science experiments,]
1302 words (3.7 pages)
- ... The molecular weight of fungal laccases ranges from 50-70 kDa with isoelectric points at pH 3-5 (Hofrichter, 2002; Baldarian, 2005; Kullikova et al., 2011). 22.214.171.124 Laccase mediated reaction The active site of laccase contain one T1 Copper (Cu) bound as a mononuclear centre, one T2, and two T3 Cu atoms. These 3 T2 and T3 Cu atoms form a trinuclear centre. In the resting enzymes all four Cu atoms are likely to exist in the Cu+2 state (Morozova et al., 2007; Aehle, 2007). The typical reaction of laccase is oxidation of a phenolic compound and a concomittant reduction of molecular oxygen to water.... [tags: Bioremediation, Biodegration, Decolorization]
2417 words (6.9 pages)
- Thermophilic fungi are known to produce thermostable enzymes which have a number of applications, mainly in biotechnological processes. In this work, we report the characterization of a protease produced in state-solid (SSF) and submerged (SmF) fermentations by a newly isolated thermophilic fungus identified as a putative new species in the genus My-celiophthora. Enzyme-production rate was evaluated for both fermentation processes, and in SSF, using a media composed by a mixture of wheat bran and casein, the proteolytic output was 4.5-fold larger than that obtained in SmF.... [tags: biology, science, experiments,]
1881 words (5.4 pages)
- Features of Bacteria, Viruses and Fungi Infectious diseases are diseases or illnesses (caused by bacteria or viruses) that can be transmitted from person to person or from organism to organism by touch or the exchange of blood or saliva and also could be passed through air molecules. For instance, the common cold and AID's are infectious diseases, whereas illnesses such as diabetes and gout are non-infectious diseases. Simple Hygiene: Because many cold viruses are spread by contact with infected secretions, frequently washing the hands, carefully disposing of used tissues, and cleaning items and surfaces can help to reduce their spread.... [tags: Papers]
1918 words (5.5 pages)
- Bioluminescent Fungi INTRODUCTION What is Bioluminescence. The current paper main focus is on bioluminescent Fungi but the basic features of bioluminescence discussed are common to all bioluminescent organisms. Bioluminescence is simply light created by living organisms. Probably the most commonly known example of bioluminescence by North Americans is the firefly, which lights its abdomen during its mating season to communicate with potential mates. This bioluminescent ability occurs in 25 different phyla many of which are totally unrelated and diverse with the phylum Fungi included in this list (an illustration of a bioluminescent fungi is displayed in figure 1).... [tags: essays papers]
2033 words (5.8 pages)