One of the oldest and well-recognized mood disorders is Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). MDD specifically, is composed of acute and time-limited major depressive episodes (MDEs) (Halgin and Whitbourne 164). During these episodes, individuals experience intense physiological and physical symptoms as well as dysphoria. Some of the symptoms an individual may experience during these episodes are abnormalities in neurovegetative functions (appetite and sleep changes), cognition (feelings of guilt or worthlessness), and psychomotor activity (agitation or retardation) (Fava and Kendler 335).
In order for MDD to be diagnosed, an individual must present at least five of the nine symptoms specified in the DSM-V. Additionally, these symptoms must be experienced for two consecutive weeks (Fava and Kendler 335.) When diagnosing MDD it is important for clinicians to be aware of other mental disorders that can mimic MDD, such as schizophrenia, however, it is not unusual for MDD to present in individuals with other mental disorders. In fact, it is often common for those who are diagnosed with MDD, to suffer from other disorders such as personality disorders, ...
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...their own social media use and others’ (O’Keeffe, Schurgin, and Clarke-Pearson 800). According to Blease, users with a surplus of “friends”, users that spend a large quantity of time simply reading status updates, and users who friend users who mostly post updates in a “bragging manner” are at the highest risk to develop Facebook Depression (9).
Evidently, the world of social media is not always harmful. Many users utilize Facebook in small durations and continue using the site with no depressive symptoms. However, when Facebook users spend unhealthy amounts of time and engage in unhealthy social activity on the site, it could very easily transform into a depressive mood disorder. With the world of social media and the internet increasing, it is important for users to step back and understand the reality behind social media and its potential risks to mental health.
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- Depression, or major depressive disorder (MDD), is a severe, chronic, debilitating and common psychiatric disorder, with lifetime prevalence rates estimated to be 17% in the US (Chan et al. 2014; Nemeroff 2007). The World Health Organization lists it as one of the most burdensome diseases to society and it is a field of large interest in research (Chan et al. 2014; Nemeroff 2007). Examples of common symptoms include loss of energy and interest, sleep disturbances, depressed mood, diminished concentration, feeling of worthlessness and weight changes caused by increase or loss of appetite (Chan et al.... [tags: Major depressive disorder]
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