Essay on The Fundamental Principles Of Democracy

Essay on The Fundamental Principles Of Democracy

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Many philosophical theories and arguments were used during the establishment of government in the United States. These arguments told of the virtues of democracy as an instrument, and some suggested, that democracy was based on the moral rights of men having equality and liberty regardless of the outcomes. As an instrument, “John Stuart Mills believed that since democracy brings a lot of people into the process of decision making, it can take advantage of many sources of information and critical assessment of laws and policies.” (Christiano) Although the United States is technically a Republic, the idea that the people give authority to the representatives of their choosing still has the foundational principles of democracy. This republic form is established to try to overcome some of the difficulties that were argued to be inherent to a ‘pure’ democracy. James Madison said the purpose of a republic is to “refine and enlarge the public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country and whose patriotism and love of justice will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations. “ (Madison) Regardless of the different instantiations of democracy, voting is at the core and is deemed by some of the best thinkers in the world to be critical to the functioning of a democratic society. If this is true why do so many Americans, and to a greater extent Texans, not vote? The answers might be found in the arguments against democracy and what its shortcomings may be with respects to the democratic citizen.
“First, Plato (Republic, Book VI) argued that some people are more intelligent and more moral than others and that those...


... middle of paper ...


...ed barriers to voting.
The problems with a democratic philosophy are clear and present and many of the solutions for overcoming the problems with self-governing have been used by the United States. Often these solutions create problems of their own that will need innovative solutions. In the United States the states act as an experimental engine to create different ways of governing and the good ideas can be used to create healthy forms of democracy. As global cooperation continues to grow and democracy is instituted in different countries, the same strategy can be used by all of the nations. We should look at what is working to increase voter participation in different states and countries and use these ideas to our advantage. As long as the underlying principles of democracy are agreed upon and upheld the theory can be strengthen by more input and new ideas.

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