Nursing takes on a different form of learning that reflects several different aspects and abilities that encompass a wide range of skills and forms the ways of knowing in nursing. The article, “The Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing,” incorporates multiple theories associated with the learning patterns in nursing. It is a review of literature that helps identify and understand the knowledge practiced by nurses and to better understand the nursing profession. The purpose of the paper was to evaluate the expectations of learning within the nursing realm based on the four areas of nursing that include, empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge and ethics.
The first step in learning is to understand the objective data. The empirics of nursing lay down the concrete knowledge that serves as a basis of nursing, this is also known as the science of nursing (Barbara A. Carper, 1978). Nursing is a science. It requires evidence based practice that has been theorized and researched to provide accurate care and knowledge to better serve a patient. According to Carper (1978), “The first fundamental pattern of knowing in nursing is empirical, factual, descriptive and ultimately aimed at developing abstract and theoretical explanations” (p.15). The science behind nursing should be learned first to better understand what is going on with a patient. Concrete knowledge serves as the base of knowing in nursing. Having the education of factual and evidence based practice allows the nurse to grow and learn the other areas knowing.
Esthetics is also known as the art of nursing and is almost overlooked as a fundamental pattern of knowing (Barbara A. Carper, 1978). Nur...
... middle of paper ...
...t helps change the process of learning and create new patterns.
The process of knowing in nursing is a complex process that involves four major components; empirics, esthetics, personal knowing, and ethics. Carper’s compilation of different theorist’s ideas on the fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing reviews what a nurse needs to know to provide the best care possible. It helps address patterns of knowing that can and cannot be taught to a nursing student. The article was complicated but it helped addressed the learning patterns and what a nurse needs to know in their practice to better themselves and provide the best care for a patient. By acknowledging the patient as a person, applying science based practice, using artful skills, and ethically providing care to a patient, the nurse extends their patterns of knowing and forms their knowledge base.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Nursing knowledge is categorized into four different fundamental patterns of knowing. These patterns are empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge in nursing, and moral knowledge in nursing. The patters of knowing are important when it comes to both the teaching and practice of nursing and are crucial within the discipline of nursing as a whole. This paper will summarize the science of nursing, the art of nursing, personal knowledge in nursing, and moral knowledge in nursing and will also apply moral knowledge to nursing practice today.... [tags: empirics, esthetics, personal, moral]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- The essence of nursing knowledge as well as the elements that create a more sophisticated nursing practice are described by Barbara Carper in Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing. Carper derived four areas of knowing, empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge, and ethics; these areas complete the expertise that the nurse must draw on to appropriately care for any individual. Carper implicates that knowledge is not simply a regurgitation of fact, and introduces a broadened view of knowledge as being made up of different entities as well as ascertained in various ways.... [tags: Patient, Knowledge, Practice]
689 words (2 pages)
- Culture is the distributed set of values, beliefs, and patterns of behavior that are general to group of people. The culture of the company will state how the firm will conduct its business. The culture will encompass employees and client. An organization needs to have people working for them with equal vision and mission that the company has implemented. The organization requires people to have similar moral values with the company. Generally culture is examined in the collection of people that encircles diversity in the organization.... [tags: The Culture, Culture, Sociology, Value]
1060 words (3 pages)
- In life and academia, we try to understand behavioral patterns of people by categorizing, studying, and then grouping in effort to better collaborate. We see this application in assessments like the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), where Jung’s theory suggests that there is more to the seeming randomness, which makes up human personality preferences, tendencies, or desires. Professor Geert Hofsteder does the same thing with culture and leadership in order to improve not only collaboration but also understanding.... [tags: Leadership, Culture, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator]
758 words (2.2 pages)
- The four Patterns of Knowing are aspects that are essential to become a well-rounded nurse. The first Pattern of Knowing is empirical. Empirical knowing is the science of nursing. Having the empirical background is essential to be able to know the basics on how to perform tasks such as take patients blood pressure, draw blood or check their heart rate. The second Pattern of Knowing is ethical. Having a good ethical conscious means that u try and do the right thing and follow the rules that are regulated to be a nurse.... [tags: Patient, Morality, Ethics, Thought]
713 words (2 pages)
- There are different types of knowledge and different ways of knowing. Four fundamental concepts of knowing in nursing highlighted by Caper (1978) are empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic. He divided knowledge into two forms which are tacit and explicit. Tacit is insights and based on experience and not easily visible and expressible, difficult to share and communicate with others which is highly personal. Empirical sources of knowledge depend upon an individual’s manner of observing and responding to events in the outside world (Higgs et al, 2004).... [tags: Nursing]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- As I reflect on my nursing career, I am reminded of the skills that have allowed me to develop what I know in nursing. In Barbara A. Carper’s “Patterns of Knowing,” there are four necessary components which connect to know the whole of nursing. These patterns include Empirics, Esthetics, Ethics and personal knowledge. Through Carpers theory, nurses are able to reflect on scenarios that “provide pathways to which the fullness of a situation can be known” (Johns, 1995, p. 227). First, I would like to reflect on a scenario of a five year old boy brought to the E.R by police for evaluation.... [tags: Child abuse, Physical abuse, Abuse]
1379 words (3.9 pages)
- "Patterns" by Amy Lowell When one hears the words, "I sink on a seat in the shade," they will most likely form a visual image in their head, such as a person sitting under a tree. Amy Lowell, an imagist, uses sharp images, precise wording, and figurative speech as a means of poetic expression to arouse the senses of the reader. In "Patterns," Amy Lowell explores the hopeful liberty of women in the early 20th century through a central theme. A woman’s dream of escaping the boundaries that society has placed on her dissipates when she learns of her lover’s untimely death.... [tags: Patterns Amy Lowell Essays]
1051 words (3 pages)
- Design Patterns What is a Design Pattern. A design pattern solves a problem within a given context. The solution that is offered by implementing a pattern results in a system design structure, which balances the concerns of the design problem in a manner most appropriate for the given context. In “Understanding and Using Patterns in Software Development”, Dirk Riehle and Heinz Zullighaven offer a rather nice definition of what a design pattern is: “A pattern is the abstraction from a concrete form which keeps recurring in specific non-arbitrary contexts.” The ability to write good patterns is very difficult.... [tags: Definition Design Pattern]
1551 words (4.4 pages)
- The nature of Knowing consists of many different classifications that separate the researchers epistemological findings in order to better understand them. However, it is necessary that the definitions, and similarities and differences between these classifications be known for the purpose of not only classifying but also to better understand the implications of these findings. These categories of information, data, belief, faith, opinion, knowledge and wisdom must be defined and related in order to be utilized in a correct fashion.... [tags: Epistemology]
1379 words (3.9 pages)