Functionalist Perspectives On The Society Essay

Functionalist Perspectives On The Society Essay

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Society has developed throughout the years, three main sociological perspectives concerning what exactly makes up a society including culture, structure, and power. These three are titled Functionalist Perspective, Conflict Perspective, and Symbolic Interactionalist Perspective; all of which attempt to define society.
Society makes up a system in which interconnected parts work amongst each other to maintain harmony or a social equilibrium. This perspective, Functionalist Perspective, means that every form of work contributes a sort of function to everything around it; it focuses on influences that make together a foundation. Family, education, politics, and religion are examples of these aspects of what influences society. Family brings nurturing, education offers knowledge, politics give a social structure using a way of governing members, and religion offers an outlet for the need to worship a higher power according to a functionalist’s point of view. Elements of society are considered to be “functional” if they bring positive stability such as the list above, however they are considered “dysfunctional” if they disrupt society. An example that describes the relationship of elements to create society is comparing the function of a cell. A cell is made up of different parts such as a nucleus, a cell membrane, ribosomes, and vacuoles; each section having a different function or job that feeds off of each other in order for the cell to work. Emile Durkheim was a main contributor to this view on society by stating that “interdependent parts contribute to the survival of the system of society.”
Conflict Perspective looks at society as being made up of groups competing against each other for power. The cause of conflict derives from s...


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...5 has become so popular that mostly everyone has one, collecting its status of the “norm” among teenagers. However there are those who do not have one in their possession due to personal preference, money problems, rules against having any phone. According to the Symbolic Interactionalist perspective those who do not follow the norms would feel like an outsider, they would believe that they have a negative label compared to everyone else. This perspective is like the others on the level that they all attempt to define society yet, it is an outsider itself in the category because it attempts to pinpoint that definition instead of viewing a broader categorization of society.
The three sociological perspectives make up the aspects of society through observation of the interactions within that society; and continue to develop in regards to culture, structure, and power.

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