Functionalist Criminology And Psychological Positivism Essay

Functionalist Criminology And Psychological Positivism Essay

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Classicism and positivism do have some similarities, however they do dispute each other to a certain area. Classicism Criminology is an access which regards the idea of national action and freedom. This was found in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century with an intention of producing a criminal justice system which was clear and stationed on everyone 's equality. Positivist Criminology, is found by the notion of scientific empathetic of crime and criminality. The key concept is positioned on the idea of human behavior being settled for the society. There are two types of positivism that try to seek the explanation of crime and deviance which is biological and psychological positivism.

This essay will explain the principles of classicism criminology and psychological positivism, compare the similarities between the theory 's. To answer the questions and the similarities between the theories the factors will be looked at where these theories first derived from, liberty and the social contract, rational thinking, rule of law, deterrence, explanation of crime, utilitarianism, crime and punishment with antisocial personality disorder.

There are five key principles of the classical, rationality which considers every individual has free will, for example people can choose to commit a crime if a person is not forced and has a intention to shoplift they have the rights of free will to commit a crime, It is a person 's responsibility for their action. Hedonism, people always try to seek pleasure they do what gives them pleasure to avoid pain, for example if a person wants to steal a sweet and eat it they would concentrate on the pleasure of the sweet and avoid the pain to steal. Punishment is the infliction or imposition of a p...


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...sues or mental disorder get less punishment when proven, because those kind of illness 's pushes people to commit a crime. If you look at it psychologically you don 't know how the person is feeling or what made them feel like. If a person doesn 't believe what they did was wrong this shows they have a serious psychological issue. What causes them to have a psychological issue? Sigmund Freud was the first to use the term psychoanalysis in 1896, he researched about humans behavior and what makes humans cause a criminal behavior. In “Studies in Hysteria” (1895) Freud proposed that physical symptoms are often the surface manifestations of deeply repressed conflicts. This theory emerged “bit by bit” as a result of Freud’s clinical investigations and it led him to propose that there were at least three levels to the mind. Unconsciousness, precociousness, conscious mind,

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