The role of education can be explained using the two contrasting theories. Functionalism focuses on what compulsory education offers greater society; schools sort young people by their abilities, talents and capabilities, an...
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...most capable people reach the most privileged positions within society as a myth (Hallpike 2015).
The role of education is a debatable topic extending far beyond consensus and conflict theories, and the effects and results each method achieves. They address education’s importance within society, but are schools appropriately mirroring the later life the students will reach? Is there gender equality within the classroom, or is gender division and stereotyping continuing to set people up for careers depending on their sex alone? Is education really delivered equally to all students regardless of their socioeconomic backgrounds? Many statistics show it isn’t, and ‘in large Australian societies, this has meant for some time it is possible to predict a student’s ATAR (or OP in Queensland) score simply by finding out his or her postcode’ (Brown 2013, cited in Holmes 2015).
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